Lecture 1-30-08 - Lecture 8: - Eleusinian mystery this hymn...

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Lecture 8: - Eleusinian mystery this hymn is most direct evidence of what took place - Hades and Demeter (key players) and Demeter’s daughter Persephone (Kore) - sacrifices and secret rights took place (sacrifices to Demeter & Persephone) - might have been a sacred marriage b/t chief priest and priestess - fragment of Euripedes that connects seed in ground (agriculture) to seed in womb (life) - Aristotle – mysteries don’t tell us anything but tell us what we are supposed to experience - Sophacles – these mysteries were very hopeful and important to society - thematic perspective – expands political authority of Zeus - opening hymn begins with rape of Persephone by Hades - Hades is her uncle; line 3 – told she was given to Hades by Zeus - Zeus wants to give his brother a wife - she is described as playing with narcissist flower that Gaia had made - as Persephone reaches for this flower, the Earth opens, Hades kidnaps her on his chariot - Persephone shrieks; not even her mother hears her; only Hekate and Helios do
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Lecture 1-30-08 - Lecture 8: - Eleusinian mystery this hymn...

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