l1_systems_notes

l1_systems_notes - 1 An Introduction to Systems Theory...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 An Introduction to Systems Theory William Gustav Gartner People and Resources (Geography 139) Fall 2008 What is a System? Components Flows Relationships (Connectivity) General Systems Theory The essential nature of matter lies not in objects, but in their relationships. Relationships - not objects or simple causes - explain phenomena. Relationships reflect statistical regularities Living systems are self-organizing and goal-directed. Ludwig von Bertalanffy (1901-1972) and many others! 2 Reductionism and Rationalism Reason is independent of experience. Basic physical mechanisms explain complex phenomena. Linear cause and effect. Perfect knowledge and prediction. The Complexity of Relationships Feedback The Complexity of Relationships Feedback 3 The Complexity of Relationships Sensitivity to Initial Conditions (Chaos Theory) Andy Goldsworthy: Excerpts from Rivers and Tides The Complexity of Relationships Emergent Properties M. C. Escher, Mbius Strip II (Red Ants)M....
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This note was uploaded on 12/15/2008 for the course GEOG 139 taught by Professor Gartner during the Fall '08 term at Wisconsin.

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l1_systems_notes - 1 An Introduction to Systems Theory...

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