Study guide test 4 Ch 14

Study guide test 4 Ch 14 - DerekTobia December3,2008 .I...

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Derek Tobia December 3, 2008 Study Guide Test 4- Chapter 14 Psychological Disorders The Nature of Psychological Disorders .I Vocabulary .1 Psychopathology/Psychological disorder - The range of psychological functioning that is considered unhealthy or abnormal .2 Psychopathological Functioning - Disruptions in emotional, behavioral, or thought processes that lead to personal distress or that block one’s ability to achieve important goals. .3 Abnormal Psychology - The area of psychological investigation most directly concerned with understanding the nature of individual pathologies of mind, mood, and behavior. .II Deciding what is Abnormal .A The judgment that someone has a mental disorder is based on the evaluation of the individual’s behavioral functioning by the tester. The terms to describe the outcome are mental disorder, mental illness, or abnormality. .B Criteria to label behavior as abnormal .1 Distress or disability - Unable to perform tasks due to an experience of personal distress.- Crying to the point you can’t live your life .2 Maladaptiveness - An individual acts that hinders goals and don’t help the personal well- being or interfere with those goals - Drinking too much .3 Irrationality - Acting or talking irrationally or incomprehensible to others- talking to ghosts .4 Unpredictability- An individual behaves unpredictably through different situations- a child smashing his fish through a window for no reason. .5 Unconventionality and statistical rarity - Behavior is statistically rare and violates standards that are acceptable and desirable- Having low IQ. .6 Observer discomfort - An individual creates discomfort in others- yelling things to people. .7 Violation of moral and ideal standards - Violates expectations for how one should behave- don’t wish to work .C Mental disorder is best thought of as a continuum that varies between mental health and mental illness. .1 Optimal Health-----------------------------------------Minimal Mental Health Individual, group, and environmental factors work together effectively, ensuring: Individual, group, and environmental factors conflict, producing: Subjective well-being Subjective distress Optimal development and use of mental abilities Impairment or underdevelopment of mental ability Achievement of appropriate goals Failure to achieve appropriate goals Conditions of fundamental equality Destructive behaviors Entrenchment of inequities .III The Problem of Objectivity .A To declare someone psychologically disordered or abnormal is always a judgment about behavior, not a proven diagnosis. Thus, making it hard to make judgments objectively- without any type of bias. The meaning of behavior is jointly determined by its content and context . .B David Rosenhan proved it may be ipossiblet o be judged sane in an insane place
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This note was uploaded on 12/16/2008 for the course PSY 103 taught by Professor Canli during the Fall '08 term at SUNY Stony Brook.

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Study guide test 4 Ch 14 - DerekTobia December3,2008 .I...

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