exam_1_07 - Name: _ RNR 200 Exam I (Fall 2007) Multiple...

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1 Name: ___________________________ RNR 200 Exam I (Fall 2007) Multiple Choice (2 points each) 1. Which of the following choices make Southwestern watersheds unique from those in other parts of the US? a. Water quality is often of greater interest than water supply b. Erosion and sedimentation are the primary water quality problems c. Southwestern watersheds consist of relatively few ephemeral streams d. Precipitation is low and exceeds potential evaporation e. All of the above 2. Ecosystems are: a. Closed b. Open c. Static d. May be open or closed depending on the situation (e.g an island) 3. The fundamental difference between John Muir and Gifford Pinchot was: a. Ecologist (Pinchot) vs. Environmental Scientist (Muir) b. Biocentrism (Pinchot) vs. Preservationism (Muir) c. Conservation (Pinchot) vs. Preservation (Muir) d. Conservation (Muir) vs. Preservation (Pinchot) e. Land Ethic (Pinchot) vs. Conservation Ethic (Muir) 4. According to Ronald Coase, what were the problems associated with Pigou’s theories? a. Unclear where the blame for externalities lies b. Difficult to determine the economic cost of pollution c. Taxation only burdens the producers, not the consumers d. Both A and B e. All of the above 5. What is the correct sequence of the three major periods defining human/wildlife relationships for the past 500 years in North America? a. Era of Exploitation, Conservation, Environmentalism b. Precolonial and Colonial, Conservation, Preservation c. Era of Exploitation, Conservation, Preservation, d. Precolonial and Colonial, Era of Exploitation, Conservation 6. Ecosystem science is a holistic science. By contrast, other sciences typically employ a ___________________________ approach, which involves dissecting systems into their constituent components and studying the components in isolation. a. Synergistic b. Fragmentation c. Isolationist d. Reductionist e. Multiple Working Hypothesis
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2 7. A Yeoman Farmer is best described as: a. A person that leases large amounts of agricultural land to grow fruits and vegetables b. An individual with substantial wealth that hires peasants to farm his land c. An impoverished farmer that claim land via virtue of occupation, rather than ownership d. An individual that owns his own land and farm himself into prosperity e. A farmer that suddenly abandons his land in search for prosperity elsewhere 8. The Morrill Act of 1862 was particularly important to many western states because it: a. Allowed farmers and land owners in the western US to attend college for a nominal fee b. Provided land grants for the establishment of agricultural and mechanical colleges c. Established dozens of agricultural experimental stations throughout the western US
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This note was uploaded on 12/16/2008 for the course RNR 200 taught by Professor Archer during the Spring '08 term at University of Arizona- Tucson.

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exam_1_07 - Name: _ RNR 200 Exam I (Fall 2007) Multiple...

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