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AMH2020 Notes AFTER MidtermMarch 7, 20161914-1918 The Great War (WWI): US enters, The Home Front, Gov’t Expansion, Amendments, Great Migration; Red ScareProgressivism: about government intervention, a united country, and experts. The Great War known later on as World War IoAllies Great BritainFranceRussiaItalyJapan (joined it could gain colonies in Asia) (US later in 1917)oCentral Powers:German empireOttoman Empire (Turkey)Austria-Hungarian EmpireoThe US tries not to join the war despite 1915 when the British sank a ship (Lusitania) with American civilians. Woodrow Wilson resists that. There was a cry for help1916 Blood bath (Wilson runs again and his slogan was he kept us out of the war) 1917 Wilson (after 3 months of inauguration) ask congress to declare war [bitch lied]oZimmerman telegram: was an internal diplomatic communication issued from the German Foreign Office in January, 1917 that proposed a military alliance between Germany and Mexico in the event of the United States' entering World War I against Germany. The proposal was intercepted and decoded by British intelligence. Revelation of the contents enraged American public opinion and helped generate support for the United States declaration of war on Germany in April of the same year. The Germans are trying to manipulate on what was going on. oGermans declared that they will sink everything on the oceanWilson enters war on side of Allies and says there will be no more war after thisWar Labor Board: make sure workers are building tanks, ships, etc. and making sure they are being compensated fairly. Its purpose was to arbitrate disputes between workers and employers in order toensure labor reliability and productivity during the war.oSamuel Gompers: he was appointed as an advisor to the Council of National Defense in October 1916.Gompers worked closely with U.S. propagandist George Creel to encourage domestic support for the war effort once President Wilson formally declared hostilities in April 1917.oLabor buys into that working hard will help us win the warPropaganda came into playoSoldiers had to make sacrifices therefore the US needs to sacrifice to help them and save us from the war. oCommittee on Public Information (CPI): was an independent agency of the government of the United States created to influence U.S. public opinion regarding American participation in World War I. Over just 28 months, from April 14, 1917, to June 30, 1919, it used every
medium available to create enthusiasm for the war effort and enlist public support against foreign attempts to undercut America's war aims. It primarily used propaganda techniques to accomplish these goals.oWorkers now have a voice and can see changesoGovernment is in favor of labor and work better in order to help the warOnce war is over they want it to be the same as before along with women working go back to homeoChanged the names of food to make it more American Freedom friesFrench friesHot dog