Life-span Essay.docx - PY 218 Melanie Spaulding Eriksons Developmental Theory For stage one of the human developmental cycle as outlined by Erikson I

Life-span Essay.docx - PY 218 Melanie Spaulding Eriksons...

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PY 218 Melanie Spaulding Erikson’s Developmental Theory For stage one of the human developmental cycle as outlined by Erikson, I agree with the general concept and idea being presented. When we are born into the world, we have no motor skills and have no means of communication. At this stage, we are feeble and frail, thus we must trust in a nurturing figure to provide us with all the essentials for life. These are the years through which the greatest physical and mental developments take place, in the respect of growing muscles and comprehending our existence as well as our developing consciousness. Infancy is the foundation of our future relationships with other humans as well as our ability to confide in others in times of helplessness and desperation. This stage in our life also provides us with a basis for having a good relationship with our parents and being able to depend on them in the future. This stage is extremely crucial in our development, for it is the stage where an infant is provided with the nourishment and very basic understanding of our surroundings, it is the stage that will determine whether or not we will grow to be healthy or malnourished. These are the years where the infant must learn to cope with life outside of the mother’s womb and must cope with the dangers of an unknown world and reasons for being in existence. Without proper development at this stage, an infant can develop many mental as well as physical problems in the future. For stage two of the human developmental cycle, I do not completely agree with Erikson’s reasoning. I do not believe that from the ages of one and two, a child begins develop the presence of shame and independence. During these stages in the life of a toddler, the infancy stage usually overlaps onto these years of life. The toddler is still learning to trust in the parent and caregivers at
this stage, for the child beings to gain some consciousness of the things that are going around it. Even though the child may begin to develop essential life skills, it is still usually in the stage of heavy dependency and frustrating incomprehension. Stage 2 is more likely to occur from the ages of two to three. Despite this, I do agree with Erikson’s concept of parental encouragement. The child heavily relies on the emotions and reactions it gains from those around it. The toddler’s environment is a vital developmental aspect of life because it provides a child with the necessary amount of support to venture into the unknown and to explore new capabilities in its existence. The toddler’s age is very important, because it is the time period in a human’s life where they must begin to develop the fundamental basics of locomotion and regular bodily activities. These stages are vital to the toddlers understanding of regular activities or essentials needed in any society in the future. These stages, as stated by Erikson, are important in the respect that they will have a tremendous impact on the future social skills of a human. By learning to control the body, the

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