IR Final Paper - Edward Rooker GOVT 1817: Intro to...

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Edward Rooker GOVT 1817: Intro to International Relations Short Paper Assignment Book: The Post American World , by Fareed Zakaria
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Globalization has been a continuous phenomenon for centuries. Within this phenomenon there have been number of stages throughout colonial and postcolonial history. Each of these stages carries with it, not necessarily always winners and losers, but rather a hierarchy of nations who are able to take advantage of the changing global environment better than others. Fareed Zakaria’s book, The Post-American World , looks at the most recent era in globalization and analyzes the current hierarchy of countries, more specifically China, India, and the United States. Within Zakaria’s analysis of this evolving hierarchy of globalization are interesting suggestions as to policies the United States should adopt to preserve their current position of power and influence in the world. These guidelines introduced by Zakaria contrast those that neorealist international relations scholar, Kenneth Waltz, would seem to suggest had he applied the theories from his article, “The Anarchic Structure of World Politics,” to this subject. The Post-American World takes a look at the current characteristics and effects of globalization and how they apply to China, India, and the United States. As Zakaria states in the first sentence of the book, the significant aspect of the current era of globalization is not “the decline of America but rather the rise of everyone else.” (Zakaria, pp.1) While the United States is not losing per say, its unprecedented and unrivaled dominance and relative influence in the world is diminishing as nations like China and India begin to catch up (Zakaria, pp.2). In the final chapter of his book, Zakaria states that it is not too later for the United States, and there still has a clear role leadership role for the US to play in the future of world affairs. This role doesn’t require the US to influence the global economy through trade concessions and policy. Instead
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the unique role that the United States and only the United States can fill requires the country to influence the world by reaffirming its own ideals (Zakaria, pp. 234). Zakaria provides six clear guidelines for America’s new role in world affairs. First, the United States must prioritize its international policy goals. The United States must look to put itself in the shoes of what it may consider its enemies and realize that it is unrealistic to expect a country, like Iran, to respond positively when the U.S. demands both regime change and policy change, such as denuclearization (Zakaria, pp.235). Second, U.S. foreign policy should place great focus on creating and assimilating a broad
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IR Final Paper - Edward Rooker GOVT 1817: Intro to...

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