sef08exam3sg - University of Colorado at Boulder, Sewall...

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University of Colorado at Boulder, Sewall Residential Academic Program HIST 1025-710 History of the United States since 1865 Study Guide for Unit Exam Three Monday, 15 December 2008 @ 10:30am Matching: American Promise Military/Foreign Policy Leaders Since WWII: General Colin Powell: In August 1990, President Bush ordered a buildup of troops into Saudi Arabia called Desert Shield. It was led by General Collin Powell, who became so popular as to later contemplate a 1996 presidential run. Desert Shield became Desert Storm on January 17 with the beginning of the allied air assault Lieutenant Colonel Oliver North: Caught selling arms to the anti-American government of Iran, Reagan admitted it and stated his aim had been to encourage "moderate elements" in Tehran and gain the release of American hostages. Key players included Oliver North, who sent millions of dollars from these sales to contras in Nicaragua when Congress had forbidden such aid Lieutenant William Calley: an inexperienced commander of an American army unit massacred 347 defenseless women, children, and old men in 1968. The horrors of the massacre were revealed to the public and the Vietnam Veterans Against the War, an organization of returning soldiers that renounced their war medals as a result. General Dwight D. Eisenhower: A World War II hero and former supreme commander of NATO who became U.S. president in 1953 after easily defeating Democratic opponent Adlai E. Stevenson. Eisenhower expanded New Deal–era social welfare programs such as Social Security and passed the landmark Federal Highway Act to improve national transportation. However, he cut back funding to other domestic programs to halt what he called “creeping socialism.” His New Look at foreign policy, meanwhile, emphasized nuclear weapons and the threat of massive retaliation against the Soviet Union in order to cut costs and deter the USSR from spreading Communism abroad. Eisenhower committed federal dollars to fighting Communists in Vietnam, resolved the Suez crisis, and authorized CIA-sponsored coups in Iran and Guatemala. General Douglas MacArthur: U.S. general and commander of United Nations forces who drove North Korean forces back past the 38th parallel after making Inchon landing General Maxwell Taylor: US General who pioneered airborne warfare during World War II. He was commander of the UN forces and the Eighth Army in Korea during the last phases of the Korean War (1953). Donald H. Rumsfeld: Secretary of Defense under Ford and Bush Robert S. McNamara: The secretary of defense under John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson, from 1961 to 1968. McNamara initially advocated increasing U.S. involvement in Vietnam but started to question U.S. policy by 1966. After growing disillusioned with the direction of the war, McNamara resigned his position following the Tet Offensive in early 1968. Henry A. Kissinger:
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sef08exam3sg - University of Colorado at Boulder, Sewall...

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