Chapter 3 Outline.docx - Chapter 3 Outline Emily Nebraska 1...

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Chapter 3 Outline Emily Nebraska 1. Why Federalism Matters a. Kelo v. City of New London (2005) was the start of public protests, Internet letter- writing campaigns and grassroots lobbying efforts were begun. b. Minimum wage debate i. Congress wanted to raise it from $5.15 an hour to $7.15 c. Federalism – Constitutional arrangement in which power is distributed between a central government and subdivisional governments, called states in the United States. i. The national and the subdivisional governments both exercise direct authority over individuals. d. Even today state and local governments are not mere junior partners in deciding important public policy matters e. Federalism is behind: how much you pay in certain taxes, whether you can drive above 55 mph on certain roadways, whether or where you buy liquor, how much money gets spent on schools and much more f. In 1908, Woodrow Wilson observed that the relationship between the national government and the states “is the cardinal question of our constitutional system.” 2. A Bold, New Plan a. A federation derives its powers directly from the people, as do the state governments. i. The Founders called it a “federal republic” b. Madison wrote in Federalist No. 46 that both the state and federal governments “are in fact but different agents and trustees of the people, constituted with different powers.” c. No historical precedent existed in their new plan d. Elastic language in Article I: necessary and proper e.
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  • Spring '16
  • Antoon
  • Ch. 3 AP Gov Outline

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