Worlds_Ch15_LecturePPTs_Concise.pptx - Lecture Slides...

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Lecture SlidesWorlds Together, Worlds Apart Concise EditionbyElizabeth Pollard • Clifford Rosenberg • Robert TignorJeremy Adelman • Stephen Aron • Peter Brown • Benjamin Elman • Stephen Kotkin Xinru Liu • Susanne Marchand • Holly Pittman • Gyan Prakash • Brent Shaw • Michael Tsin
Lecture SlidesChapter 15REORDERING THEWORLD, 1750–1850
Global StorylinesA new era based on radically new ideas of freedom and the nation-state emerges in the Atlantic world. The industrious and industrial revolutions transform communities and the global economy. The worldwide balance of power shifts decisively towards northwestern Europe.
Core ObjectivesDESCRIBE the new ideas of freedom and EXPLAIN how they differed from earlier understandings of this term. COMPARE political and economic developments in the Atlantic world with regions elsewhere around the globe during the period 1750–1850.IDENTIFY and EXPLAIN the key developments that constituted the Industrial Revolution.EXPLAIN patterns of global trade and economic growth and CONNECT them to political changes during the period 1750–1850. COMPARE the groups of people who held power in each of the regions in 1750 and then in 1850, and EXPLAIN the changes that took place during this period in these societies.
Revolutionary Transformations and New Languages of FreedomAs wealth increased and literacy increased, people demanded a relaxation of mercantilist restrictions and more just practicesPolitical reformersPopular sovereignty as an idea emergedPolitical power dependent on “the people”Idea of a nation: people who share common language, culture and historyRise of the nation-state as a form of political ideaBegan to emphasize nationalism and democracy
Revolutionary Transformations and New Languages of Freedom, continuedEconomic reformersFree trade (laissez-faire) with no tariffs, quotas or feesFree markets, unregulated markets Free labor: using paid rather than slave laborEconomic freedoms would yield just and more efficient societyThe question emerged of how far to extend these freedomsDisagreement amongst revolutionaries on the extent of this freedom
Political Reorderings in the Atlantic WorldThe spread of revolutionary ideas across the Atlantic world in the second half of the eighteenth century followed the trail of Enlightenment ideasPeople began to believe that they had the right to participate in governmentNorth American and French revolutions overthrew monarchs and launched republicsIdeas that spawned the American and French revolutions encouraged similar developments in the Caribbean and Central and South America
North American Colonial Development and ConflictThe North American War of Independence, 1776–1783Britain’s North American colonies proved highly prosperous by midcentury with bustling port citiesA genteel class of merchants and plantation owners dominated colonial affairs

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