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Unformatted text preview: NOTE : THANKS TO EVERYONE THAT HELPED IN THIS COMPILATION AND I HOPE THIS HELPS ALL OF Y’ALL OUT WELL IN STUDYING FOR THIS MIDTERM! THIS WAS AN EFFECTIVE STUDY GROUP. ;) LOL. OH, TRY TO PUT THESE ANSWERS MORE IN YOUR OWN WORDS! GOOD LUCK GUYS!!!- CHELSEA PHL 304 Contemporary Moral Problems Sample Midterm Questions. There will be four questions from this list on the midterm of which you must answer three. Your answers should be around 200 words long each. 1. Choose one variety of oppression from Iris M. Young’s list and explain it using one or more examples. How might we go about reducing its impact in society? Question #1----1 st answer Choose one variety of oppression from Iris M. Young’s List and explain it using one or more examples. How might we go about reducing its impact in society? Marginalization- to relegate or confine to a lower or outer limit or edge, as in social status. Not only in third world countries, but also in most Western capitalist societies, there is a growing underclass of people permanently confined to lives of social 1 marginality, most of whom are racially marked—Blacks, Indians, East Indians, etc. However this is not strictly confined to race. In the U.S. a large proportion of the population is marginal: old people, or increasingly old people who are actually not very old but still get laid off from their jobs and cannot find new work; young people, especially Black or Latino, who cannot find first or second jobs; single mothers and their children; other people involuntarily unemployed; many mentally and physically disabled people; and the list goes on. Marginalization is perhaps the most dangerous form of oppression. Material deprivation is caused by marginalization and is certainly unjust, especially in a society where others have plenty. Some steps have been taken to address this such as welfare payments and services. Two categories of injustice are associated with this. First, the provision of welfare itself produces a new injustice by depriving those dependent on it of rights and freedoms others have. Second, even though material deprivation is lessened by the welfare state, marginalization is unjust because it blocks the opportunity to exercise capacities and function in socially defined and recognized ways. Dependency must also be looked at. Dependent people (sick people, children, mentally unstable people, etc.) are subject to injustices. However, dependency cannot be looked at as oppressive because one cannot imagine a society in which everyone would not need to be dependent at some time or another. In conclusion, while marginalization does entail serious issues of distributive justice, it also includes the deprivation of cultural, practical, institutionalized conditions for exercising capacities in a context of interaction and recognition....
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This note was uploaded on 03/19/2008 for the course PHIL 304 taught by Professor Roddy during the Fall '07 term at University of Texas.
- Fall '07