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Prep for Prelim 1 - Guidelines for First Exam Here is some...

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Guidelines for First Exam Here is some more guidance for studying for Thursday’s exam in DSOC 275. The exam will consist of a set of short answer questions. Depending on the guidance given on the exam, a “short answer” could be a list of items or a response of up to a modest paragraph. There will be questions from all topics covered so far this semester and you are responsible for all readings and lectures. The questions will be focused on main arguments and facts and not on minor or hard to find points or facts. The lectures provide guidance for what is considered major or important. If I were studying for this exam, I would make sure I had a grasp of the major or central arguments and supporting facts in each of the following areas: a) Major immigration debates b) Major policy milestones c) Nature of the immigration eras of American history d) Origins of largest immigrant groups in U.S. and NYC and trends in the composition of the immigrant population. e) Major types of immigrants (legal status and types of migration flows f) Theories of migration g) Principal settlement areas within the U.S. of diverse foreign-born groups and factors attracting immigrants to new or non-traditional destinations. h) Human capital of immigrants and differences across national origin groups.
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The Major Debates Demographic Debate Unprecedented in size? Issues of population growth? Environmental degradation? Economic Debate Effect on economy? PRO: Increase overall production CON: Not enough to increase per capita production Effect on US workers? PRO: Fill undesirable jobs and create new jobs CON: Reduce wages Harm to minorities? Cultural Debate Assimilation? Role of English? Ethnic-based conflict? Accommodating diversity? Policy Debate Family reunification vs. occupational skill? Change legal limits? Border enforcement? Complicated by 9/11 Legalization or deportation? McCain-Kennedy Bill Ways to verify status? REAL ID Act Ethics Debate Is opposition racist? Undocumented rights? Borders? Confining to National interest? Balance ethical criteria?
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Immigration Eras and Policy Milestones Colonization Wave (1607- 1796): Open borders and need for labor
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*England placed no restrictions on emigration 1807 Slavery mportation abolished Frontier Wave (1820-1870): Non-legal slave imports, Western Europeans *Few numerical restrictions 1864 Supreme Court affirms federal authority over immigration 1875 Act prohibited immigration of criminals, prostitutes, and Chinese Industrialization Wave (1880-1925): Labor recruitment and restrictions *Federal numeric restrictions 1882 Chinese Exclusion Act 1882 Immigration Act established Federal responsibility and provided more details on undesirables 1907 “Gentleman’s Agreement” with Japan 1921 and 1924 immigration acts set quotas on national origins of who could come 1921 Quota law set quotas for national origins at 3% of the group’s U.S. resident
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