Ch. 14 study guide

Ch. 14 study guide - STUDY GUIDE BIO 311D CHAPTER...

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STUDY GUIDE BIO 311D CHINNERY SPRING 2007 CHAPTER 14 (lectures 4,5) Pgs 251-270 Important figures: 14.3, 14.4, 14.5, 14.6, 14.10, 14.12, 14.14, 14.17 Important terms: Mendel, true-breeding, homozygote, heterozygote, P generation, F1 generation, F2 generation, trait, character, locus, allele, dominant, recessive, Punnett square, genotype, phenotype, codominance, incomplete dominance, qualitative character, quantitative character, pedigree, Cystic Fibrosis, sickle-cell disease, Achondroplasia, Huntington’s disease, amniocentesis, chorionic villus sampling. Knowledge Goals: Define allele, homozygous, heterozygous, genotype, phenotype, dominant, recessive. Explain what it means to say that a diploid organism has two alleles of a particular gene. Explain how the two alleles compare with respect to their DNA sequence if the alleles are (a) homozygous or (b) heterozygous. Compare and contrast: phenotype and genotype. Explain how monozygotic (identical) twins who start out with the same genotypes can differ in
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This note was uploaded on 03/19/2008 for the course BIO 311D taught by Professor Reichler during the Fall '08 term at University of Texas.

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