Ch. 25 study guide - With which names from the hierarchy...

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STUDY GUIDE BIO 311D CHINNERY SPRING 2007 CHAPTER 25 (lecture 12) Pgs 491-508 Important figures : 25.2, 25.5, 25.8, 25.9, 25.10, 25.11, 25.14, 25.16, 25.18 Important terms : phylogenetics, systematics, phylogenies, convergent evolution, homologies, homologous traits, analogous traits, phylogenetic systematics, taxonomy, binomial nomenclature, hierarchy of classification, phylogenetic trees, cladogram, clade, cladistics, monophyletic, paraphyletic, polyphyletic, primitive character, derived character, parsimony. Knowledge goals : Be able to list the hierarchy of classification in the correct order.
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Unformatted text preview: With which names from the hierarchy are species discussed, and what is the term used to describe species names? Why is phylogenetic systematics important? Phylogenetic trees and cladograms are different. How? Be able to discuss traits and relationships in a cladogram. What is the definition of monophyletic? Paraphyletic? Polyphyletic? Contrast a homologous structure with an analogous structure. How is parsimony used to make cladograms? How are relationships determined in a cladistic analysis? Understand what a character matrix is and how we turn it into a cladogram....
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