Anthropology 101 Exam 101 study guide.docx - Anthropology...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 9 pages.

Anthropology 101 Exam 101 study guide Lila Abu-Lughod Reading: Women and Islam question ignores historical, political and economic causes White men saving brown women from brown women is rooted in colonialism Burqa is received by Americans as the ultimate sign of oppression, a local form of covering of the Pashtun ethnic group before Taliban rule, and a convention for symbolizing women’s modesty or respectability Many forms of covering and man meanings Veiling as an agentive, voluntary act Does not symbol women’s oppression, and Muslim women’s diversity should not be reduced to the veil Need to be aware of and respect differences Saving other women driven by a sense of superiority is ethnocentric Cultural relativism and awareness of history gives respect for differences Laura Bohannan reading: Highlights tension between the universal and the particular Ethnographic research in practice Author appears ethnocentric Anthropology’s role in producing harmful ideas about others Gregor Mendel: Pea plants Inherited discrete particles or units Dominant and recessive traits Independent assortment Jean-Baptiste Lamarck: Charles Darwin: HMS Beagle On the origin of species (Natural selection) Descent of man Contribution: How evolution ( transformation of species; descent with modification) occurred Culture: Traditions and customs transmitted through learning, shared by individuals within a group to a degree; often taken for granted, invisible, habituated, and feels natural. Culture is dynamic and changes over time Holism: The whole of the human condition; past, present, and future; biology, society, language, and culture; connections across categories and scales (macro v. micro and individual v. collective)
Participant Observation: Ethnographic technique, taking part in the community you are observing. Involves first hand observation for 1-2 years and constant note taking paying attention to hundreds of details of daily life. Key cultural consultants: Experts on a particular aspect of local life, people who teach an ethnographer about their culture Four fields of anthropology: Anthropological archaeology: rather than direct observation, people study societies’ remains and interpret human behavior through cultural patterns of these remains. Objects of study are prehistoric, historic, and contemporary societies. Biological anthropology: Study of human biological diversity (paleoanthropology, human genetics, human growth and development, human biological plasticity, and primatology) Linguistic anthropology: The study of language in its social and cultural context throughout the world and overtime. Historical linguists explore how grammar and sound change over time. Sociolinguists examine how language varies based on social context Cultural anthropology: the comparative, cross-cultural study of human society and culture.

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture