Ch._8_Companion_horses_part_1 .ppt

Ch._8_Companion_horses_part_1 .ppt - Companion horses...

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Companion horses Chapter 8
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Introduction Horses played an important role in history Used for meat and milk Transportation Draft animals for agriculture Entertainment-riding, racing Mounts for war Art, mythology and religion Companions Are horses a production or companion animal?
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Evolution of the Horse
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Evolution of the Horse
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Evolution of the Horse
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Domestication Evidence of horses as far back as 30,000 BC Paleolithic cave paintings Evidence suggests Eurasia around 4000-3500 BC More definite evidence of domestication at 2100- 1700 BC Burials containing human remains, weapons and horse head and legs Shortly afterwards horse drawn chariots seen in Greece, Egypt and Mesopotamia
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Introduction Columbus brought horses to the West Indies in the 15 th century Later, Spanish explorers brought more to North America Escaped horses from Spanish missions Native Americans used horses for travel, hunting buffalo and other foods Cowboys eventually used horses to work cattle Power source for planting and harvesting crops
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Introduction According to the USDA In 1900 79% of all farms had horses Tractors led to decline in # 1992-only 18% had horses Today horses very popular as Pets Racing Rodeo Dressage Jumping Polo Therapy Trail riding, etc…..
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Taxonomy of the Modern Horse Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Subphylum: Vertebrata Class: Mammalia Order: Perissodactyla Family: Equidae Genus: Equus Species: caballus (horse); assinus (ass)
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Wild breeds Equus zebra Equus ferus ferus (tarpan) Eurasian wild horse Extinct since 1919 Equus ferus przewalskii Currently endangered
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Horse Terms Mature male: Stallion Mature female: Mare Young male: Colt Young female: Filly Newborn: Foal Between 1 & 2 yrs: Yearling Castrated male: Gelding Group of horses: Herd
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Measuring horse height at withers using “hands” 1 hand = Height measured at the point of the withers
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