NU111- Chapter 5 Slide Notes.docx

NU111- Chapter 5 Slide Notes.docx - Chapter 5...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 5- Evidence-Based Practice Slide One: Evidence from research studies and opinions of experts provide a basis for nursing care. Slide Two: As the public becomes more computer literate, they have broader access to information regarding health care issues and the incidences of medical errors within health care facilities. Use of evidenced-based practice (EBP) allows nurses to structure how to make accurate, timely, and appropriate clinical decisions. EBP is a problem-solving approach to clinical practice that integrates the conscientious use of best evidence in combination with a clinician’s expertise and patient preferences and values in making decisions about patient care. Without evidence-based practice, nursing would be a practice based solely on tradition. While in practice, you will need an up-to-date textbook, articles from peer-reviewed nursing journals, and nursing research. Slide Three: This model for evidence-based clinical decision making shows how using your clinical expertise and considering patients’ values and preferences ensures that you will apply the evidence in practice both safely and appropriately. [Figure is on p. 51 of text.]
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Slide Four: Using a step-by-step approach ensures that you will obtain strong evidence to apply in the patient care setting. Table 5-1 (on text p. 53) presents various databases available for collecting the best evidence. [Ask students if they are familiar with data bases, especially MEDLINE, CINAHL, or OVID.] Critiquing the evidence oftentimes presents the most difficult step in this process. You want to be able to answer the following questions: Do the articles obtained offer evidence to explain the question? Is the evidence reliable and true? Can the evidence be used in practice? All articles should contain the following information, which will help you to read and understand the content: (1) abstract, (2) introduction, (3) literature review or background, (4) manuscript narrative with purpose of statement and method/design, (5) results or conclusion, and (6) clinical implications. Slide Five: Step 4 asks you to integrate evidence. Evidence can be used to make new policy and procedure, guide clinical practice, and/or develop new teaching, assessment, or documentation tools. The fifth step is to evaluate the practice decision or make a change. Depending on the evidence found and the type of change made to practice, the evaluation may be conducted on a small or a grand scale. To enhance professional development and promote positive patient outcomes beyond the unit level, share the results with various groups of nurses or other care providers such as the nursing practice council or the research council. Slide Six: Box 5-1 (on text p. 52) reviews the parts of development of a clinical “PICOT” question. These elements direct the nurse to: 2
Image of page 2
Identify patients by age, gender, ethnicity, and disease or health problem Which intervention is worthwhile to use in practice (e.g., a treatment, diagnostic test, prognostic factor)?
Image of page 3

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern