NU111- Chapter 4 Slide Notes.docx

NU111- Chapter 4 Slide Notes.docx - Chapter 4 Theoretical...

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Chapter 4- Theoretical Foundations of Nursing Practice Slide One: Theories help to describe, explain, and/or predict nursing care measures. Well-developed theories are an important basis for your approach to nursing care. To address individual and family responses to health problems, theory- based nursing practice is important for designing and implementing nursing interventions. Slide Two: Nursing is a profession that draws from many areas: nursing history, nursing theory, education, practice, and research. The domain of nursing is the knowledge of nursing practice, as well as the knowledge of nursing history, nursing theory, education, and research. The domain of nursing gives nurses a comprehensive perspective that allows you to identify and treat patients’ health care needs at all levels and in all health care settings. In nursing, you will use critical thinking skills to integrate knowledge, experience, attitudes, and standards into the individualized plan of care for each patient. Slide Three: A paradigm is useful in describing the domain of a discipline. The elements of the nursing paradigm, including knowledge development, philosophy, theory, educational experience, research, and practice, direct the activity of the nursing profession. To differentiate: In medicine, physicians diagnose and treat disease.
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In nursing, nurses diagnose and treat human responses to actual or potential health problems. In nursing, you will use critical thinking skills to integrate knowledge, experience, attitudes, and standards into the individualized plan of care for each patient. Slide Four: Person is the recipient of nursing care, including individual patients, groups, families, and communities. Health has different meanings for each patient, the clinical setting, and the health care profession. It is dynamic and continuously changing. Your challenge as a nurse is to provide the best possible care based on the patient’s level of health and health care needs at the time of care delivery. Environment/situation includes all possible conditions affecting patients and the settings in which their health care needs occur. A continuous interaction can be observed between a patient and the environment, which has positive and negative effects on the person’s level of health and health care needs. Nursing is the “… diagnosis and treatment of human responses to actual or potential health problems …” (American Nurses Association, 2010). The scope of nursing is broad. From these nursing diagnoses, the nurse creates a patient-centered plan of care for each of the patient’s health problems. Use critical thinking skills to integrate knowledge, experience, attitudes, and standards into the individualized plan of care for each of your patients.
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