8:23:17.docx - CJ 150 Chapter One Myths Criminals VS...

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CJ 150 August 25, 2017 Chapter One Myths- Criminals VS. Non-Criminals o Almost everyone has done something against the law, but not been caught. o Almost everyone is a criminal. o Being charged with some crimes depends on luck in some cases All Cases go to trial o Most cases find a way to charge without going to trial Stranger Danger/victimization o Most crimes involving a victim is by someone you know or lives close to you. o Most of the time it is not a stranger. Uniform Crime Reports o Handled by the FBI to determine crime statistics o 95%-97% agencies report their crimes o its unreliable because not all crime is reported o not always accurate Older people are more likely to be Victimized o Elderly people fear more things than anyone else o Elderly have the lowest victim rate than any other age group o 2.3% of years 65 and older and 45% 20-24 years and 16-19 and 47% for 12-15 years What is Criminology? The scientific study of crime as a social phenomenon The scientific approach to studying criminal behavior Academic discipline o Sociology o Phycology o Legal arena o Verified body of knowledge as a whole Studies the process of o Making laws o Breaking laws o Reacting toward the breaking of laws Sutherland and Cressey kind of started criminology Criminology VS. Criminal Justice Criminology o Explains the origins, extent, and nature of crime o Examines WHY crime occurs Criminal Justice o Refers to the agencies of social control that handle criminals 1
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CJ 150 August 25, 2017 o Describes, analyzes, and explains the behavior of agencies o Police, courts and corrections What is the CJ system? The various sequential stages through which offenders’ pass from the initial contact with the law to final disposition, and the agencies charged with enforcing the law at each of these stages.
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