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history of policing.docx

history of policing.docx - English origins pledge system...

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English origins: pledge system Organizes at several levels Still responsible for aiding neighbor Tithings = 10 families group together o Responsible for conduct of members > 12 o Obligatory – not paid but required o Everyone fined if any one member did not perform duties o Swore to apprehend, hold, bring to court and testify against members who committed crimes Hue and Cry – to inform of crime Hundred- 10 tithings Constable o Appointed by local nobleman o First police officer Shires = hundreds within a geographic region (i.e. county) Shire reeve = sheriff o Appointed by king o To pursue and apprehend criminals as part of assigned duties Watch System Established in urban areas Watchmen (citizens) would patrol streets at night to protect against: robberies, fires, and disturbances Reports to area constable. Affiliated with church parishes. 18 th century English Policing -rising rates of crime encouraged a new form of police…. “monied police” Thief Takers- citizens paid by Crown on a piecework basis for apprehension of criminals however corrupt, violent, incarceration of inmates Henry fielding Sought to clean up thief taking Legitimize and organized the monied police: o Established relationships with pawn brokers and provided them with a list of stolen property. o Placed ads asking victims to report crimes to his house on bow street Laid foundation for first modern police force
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Bow street Runners An organized group of thief takers They were not paid police officers BUT did make a living off apprehending criminals. They were entitled to thief-taker rewards.
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