Nursing Terminology .docx - Nursing Terminology Taylor...

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Nursing Terminology Taylor Lovvorn Monday, August 28 th , 2017 1. Acrocyanosis – persistent, painless, symmetric cyanosis of the hands, feet, or face caused by vasospasm of the small vessels of the skin in response to cold 2. Abduct – the movement of a limb away from the midline of the body 3. Adduct – to draw a limb toward or past the median axis of the body 4. Acidosis – too much acid in the body resulting from the accumulation of acid from the depletion of alkaline reserves. In acidosis, PH in the blood is abnormally low 5. Acute – short duration, rapidly progressive, and in need of urgent care 6. Alkalosis – result of a process reducing hydrogen ion concentration of arterial blood plasma, PH over 7.4 7. Ampule – a hermetically sealed small bulbous glass vessel that is used to hold a solution for especially hypodermic injection 8. Anabolism – the building up of complex chemical compounds from smaller simpler compounds, usually with the use of energy 9. Anaphylaxis – severe, potentially life-threatening allergic reaction that can occur within seconds or minutes of exposure 10. Anastomosis – a surgical connection that is created between tubular structures, such as blood vessels or loops of intestines 11. Aneurysm – a localized widening (dilation) of an artery, vein, or heart. Resulting in a bulge and weakening, possibly a rupture. 12. Angina pectoris – medical term for chest pain or discomfort due to an inadequate supply of oxygen to the heart muscle 13. Antiemetic – a drug taken to prevent or stop nausea and vomiting 14. Apices – the pointed extremity or uppermost point of a conical structure (apex of the heart) 15. Arrhythmia – an abnormal heart rhythm or variation in heart rhythm 16. Ascites – accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity 17. Aseptic – the absence of microorganisms (sterile) 18. Asymmetric – lack of symmetry; disproportion between two parts normally alike. 19. Asystole – a dire form of cardiac arrest in which the heart stops beating and there is no electrical activity in the heart 20. Atelectasis – complete or partial collapse of a lung or lobe of a lung 21. Atrophy – a wasting or decrease in size of a body organ, tissue, or part owing to disease, injury, or lack of use 22. Auscultation – listening to the sounds arising within organs as an aid to diagnosis and treatment 23. Benign – a condition, tumor, or growth that is not cancerous 24. Bilateral – relating to or affecting the right and left sides of the body, having symmetry 25. Biopsy – the removal of sample tissue for examination under a microscope to check for abnormalities 26. Bradycardia – an abnormally slow heart rate, defined as 60 beats per minute or less 27. Bradypnea – abnormally slow breathing, a respiratory rate that is abnormally low 28. Bronchodilator – a drug that relaxes bronchial muscle resulting in expansion of the bronchial air passages
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Nursing Terminology Taylor Lovvorn Monday, August 28 th , 2017 29. Buccal – pertaining to the inside of the cheek, surface of a tooth, or the gum beside the
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