.doc - Geog 105 NAME ASSIGNMENT 5 FORESTRY TIMBER SUPPLY ON...

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Geog 105 NAME:_____________________________ ASSIGNMENT 5: FORESTRY TIMBER SUPPLY ON HAIDA GWAII You will be using the Haida Gwaii Timber Supply Area to examine different perspectives, objectives and concerns related to the forest industry on the Islands. Introduction The Ministry of Forests, Lands and Natural Resource Operations (FLNRO) divide British Columbia into forest regions for administrative purposes. A forest district is a sub-region of a forest region, and, in turn, a timber supply area is a subset of a forest district. The Coast Forest Region manages all 16.5 million hectares of the coastal forest through eight forest districts and a regional headquarters in Nanaimo. The Haida Gwaii Forest District manages the Haida Gwaii Timber Supply Area (TSA). Haida Gwaii consists of more than 150 islands, located 90km off BC’s north coast. The total area of the Islands is approximately one million hectares. The TSA covers 46% of the Islands (461,000 hectares), while parks cover 22% and tree farm licenses account for 32%. Much of the TSA is located on Graham Island, the northern of the two largest islands. Physiography and forest resources Haida Gwaii has three physiographic units: the Queen Charlotte Ranges (part of the Insular Mountain system), the Skidegate Plateau and the Queen Charlotte Lowlands. The mountain ranges create a rain shadow effect; annual precipitation on the west side averages more than 4,000 mm and 1,300 mm on the east side. The terrain in the Plateau and Lowlands consists of bogs and soils with poor nutrients; steep rugged slopes characterise the west coast. The main tree species in Haida Gwaii are Sitka spruce, western red cedar, yellow cedar, shore pine, western hemlock, and mountain hemlock and red alder. Where soil drainage and nutrient conditions are favourable, forests in the TSA can achieve some of the fastest growth rates on the BC coast. Cedar is a very important to the Haida people, who use it for household, ceremonial items, food, medicines, canoes and fishing gear, longhouses, and totem poles. Cedar is valued as a premium building product and for speciality products like windows, doors, furniture, and boat building. Sitka is prized for instruments, furniture, doors, windows and cabinetry. Population The population of the Islands was approximately 4,600 in 2011; a number that has been declining in recent years. Haida Gwaii has been the home to the Haida people for as long as oral history and archaeology have recorded occupation of the islands. Nearly 14,000 Haida once occupied the 126 known village sites on the Islands. The population plummeted to 589 by 1911 after European contact. Today, two-thirds of BC’s Haida people live off-island but plan to return.
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