Japan Memoirs of a Secret Empire Notes.docx

Japan Memoirs of a Secret Empire Notes.docx - Japanese...

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Japanese Shogun had received word of a rumor about the King of Portugal: According to the rumor, the king of Portugal had his eyes set on taking over Japan to strengthen empire in the East. In order to do that, the king wanted to first spread Christianity or rather Catholicism in order to gain a foothold in Japan, and then have his army come over to take over the island nation. Portugal already dominate the trade with Japan, however that was being undermined by the Dutch, and to some extent the English. Portuguese Jesuits, even went to report some English men such as William Adams as pirates. This was the result of the religious wars in Europe and tensions between Catholics and protestants. Adams spoke with Ieyasu, the shogun at the time, and talked about how he wanted the Japanese to trade with the English and the Dutch. Ieyasu valued trade with Portugal but was wary of the Catholic missionaries, who he thought were preaching obedience to an entity more powerful than him. Adams became a key advisor to Ieyasu, who wanted his own fleet of Japanese trading ships. Adams although, overwhelmed by the request still took it up and created a Japanese fleet for trading. Now that Ieyasu had his own trade fleet, he now felt that he could expel the catholic missionaries who he felt were causing a lot trouble for him. And he replaced his catholic interpreter with William Adams, who he (Adams) felt no desire to help the catholic missionaries spread their religion. Adams also assured Ieyasu that English and Dutch protestants had no interests in converting the Japanese. Ieyasu made Adams his Commercial agents and Adams negotiated favorable terms for the Dutch East Company. William Adams had also adapted Japanese lifestyle, and even was awarded a Samurai rank. Ieyasu was the first Shogun of Japan Daimyo during that time also were trying to increase their own domains and powers Ieyasu allowed Daimyos to rule their domains but they couldn’t increase their power without asking for permission from the Shogun, that includes buying land, creating alliances through marriages, increasing size of army and etc. Tokugawa Japan hierarchy: Samurai (from Daimyo warlord to lowly foot soldier)→Farmers→Artisans→Tradesmen who were considered the parasites of society. Shogun also made rules to enforce class structure by enforcing what each class can wear, eat, or how they can style their hair. ‘ Ieyasu moved capital from Kyoto to Edo (now known as Tokyo).
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  • Fall '08

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