preschool.docx - Question 1 See full question A 4-year-old...

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Question 1 See full question A 4-year-old girl has a urinary tract infection (UTI). Which statement by the mother demonstrates understanding of preventing future UTIs? You Selected: "I shouldn't let my daughter take bubble baths." Correct response: "I shouldn't let my daughter take bubble baths." Explanation: Saying that the child shouldn't take bubble baths demonstrates effective teaching because oils in the bubble bath preparation may irritate the urethra, contributing to UTIs. Girls and women should wipe the perineum from front to back, not back to front, to avoid contaminating the urinary tract with fecal bacteria. Although antibiotics are used to treat UTIs, they aren't given prophylactically. No evidence suggests that warm baths help prevent UTIs. Question 2 See full question A child, age 4, fell and broke his arm and had a cast applied. Which of these statements by the child indicates an immediate risk for compartment syndrome? You Selected: "My arm hurts." Correct response: "I can't wiggle my fingers." Explanation: Signs and symptoms of compartment syndrome, such as motor weakness, reflect a deficit or deterioration of neuromuscular status in the involved area. Inability to wiggle fingers indicates an immediate risk for compartment syndrome because it could suggest neurovascular pressure or damage caused by edema following the injury. The other statements don't indicate risk for compartment syndrome. Question 3 See full question
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A physician diagnoses leukemia in a child, aged 4, who complains of being tired and sleeps most of the day. Which nursing diagnosis reflects the nurse's understanding of the physiologic effects of leukemia? You Selected: Activity intolerance related to hypoxia and weakness Correct response: Activity intolerance related to hypoxia and weakness Explanation: A nursing diagnosis of Activity intolerance related to hypoxia and weakness reflects the nurse's understanding of leukemia's physiologic effects because a child with leukemia may experience weakness and lack of oxygen. The nurse's findings don't support the other diagnoses of Ineffective airway clearance related to fatigue , Imbalanced nutrition: More than body requirements related to lack of activity , or Ineffective cerebral tissue perfusion related to central nervous system infiltration by leukemic cells . Question 4 See full question A 3-year old with dehydration has vomited three times in the last hour and continues to have frequent diarrhea stools. The child was admitted 2 days ago with gastroenteritis caused by rotavirus. The child weighs 22 kg, has a normal saline lock in his right hand, and has had 30 mL of urine output in the last four hours. Using the SBAR (Situation- Background-Assessment-Recommendation) technique for communication, the nurse calls the health care provider (HCP) with the recommendation for: You Selected: establishing a Foley catheter.
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