BIOL 204 Lecture 1 Outline - Introduction to Science.doc

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BIOL 204 Lecture Outline 1 – Introduction to Science Learning Objectives: Identify what science is and is not Distinguish between scientific facts , hypotheses , theories , and laws Explain and be able to use the hypothetico-deductive approach to science I. What is science? a. Although we tend to treat science as a body of facts, science is dynamic – it’s always changing! “Modern science seeks to explain natural phenomena in natural terms.” - National Center for Science Education b. Naturalism – there is a difference between methodological naturalism and philosophical naturalism; without the voluntary methodoligcal constraint, science loses its explanatory power c. Common currency of science is observation and hypothesis d. Attributes of Science: i. Testable ii. Repeatable iii. Falsifiable e. Science and Semantics i. Fact – observation that has been repeatedly confirmed ii. Hypothesis – tentative statement about a natural phenomenon that can be tested
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