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Trauma and Stressor Related Disorders .edited.docx

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Running head: TRAUMA AND STRESSOR DISORDERS Trauma and Stressor-Related Disorders Abstract and Annotated Bibliography Michele Ruhmann Liberty University 1
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TRAUMA AND STRESSOR DISORDERS Abstract Trauma and stressor-related disorders are disorders that have been caused by exposure to extreme stress or other traumatic events. These disorders include reactive attachment disorder, disinhibited social engagement disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, acute stress disorder and adjustment disorder. Numerous studies have been conducted on the risk factors, various assessments and treatment protocols that will have the best possible outcome for a client. Researchers and clinicians are continually striving to better understand the role of ethnicity, family origin, relational attachments and biological factors that contribute to developing a mental illness and how these factors come into play in the successful recovery of the client. 2
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TRAUMA AND STRESSOR DISORDERS Annotated Bibliography American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing. The most recent edition of the DSM is a classification of mental disorders used to provide a more in-depth understanding of the criteria necessary for a comprehensive diagnosis and to help formulate a mental health treatment plan. The classification of disorders is broken down into twenty main diagnostic criteria with various subcategories within each that correlate with the World Health Organizations International Classification of Disease (ICD). The ICD-9-CM and ICD-10-CM codes are provided for each relevant disorder. In addition to the various diagnoses, there is information relevant to diagnostic features, supporting diagnosis, prevalence and risk factors associated with the illness. Bryant, R. A., Friedman, M. J., Spiegel, D., Ursano, R., & Strain, J. (2011). A review of acute stress disorder in DSM 5. Depression and anxiety , 28 (9), 802-817. This paper gives a complete breakdown of all that is involved in diagnosing and treating Acute Stress Disorder (ASD). The authors give a general definition and explanation of the distinctions between ASD and adjustment disorder as well as acute stress reactions. It describes the inability of ASD to predict future PTSD and how this may not be enough information to help clinicians with treatment planning. It explains the importance of the dissociative symptoms in the ASD diagnosis. The article addresses cross-cultural considerations in the diagnosis of ASD.
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