Eastern Philosophy.docx

Eastern Philosophy.docx - Lao Tzu Record of his wisdom is...

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Lao Tzu Record of his wisdom is sacred text Tao Te Ching Daoism Daoism: practice meditation, chant scriptures, and worship variety of gods and goddesses and temples, make pilgrimages to five sacred mountains in China Entwined with Confucianism & Buddhism: Vinegar Story Confucius found it sour, much like the world full of degenerate people Buddha found it bitter, much like he found the world full of suffering Lao Tzu found it sweet, much like he found an underlying harmony (Dao, the path) in an apparently discordant world Dao gives “the way of the world,” the path to virtue, happiness, and harmony Wu Wei – flowing or effortless action, purposeful acceptance of the way of the Dao and living in harmony with it 1. Make more time for stillness: “To the mind that is still, the whole universe surrenders.” Let go of our schedules, worries, and complex thoughts for a while and simply experience the world. Don’t rush from one place to another; nature doesn’t rush. 2. “Empty yourself from everything, let your mind become still.” The usefulness of a pot is in its emptiness. If we’re too busy or too preoccupied, we will miss a thousand moments of experience. Be awake to smallest experiences 3. “We need to be in touch with our real deeper selves.” We spend too much time worrying about who we ought to be come, when we should be who we really are at heart. Ego is often in way of our true self. “When I let go of who I am, I become what I might be.” 4. Nature is particularly useful. “The best people are like water, which benefits all things and does not compete with them. It stays in lowly places that others reject. This is why it is so similar to the Dao.” E.g., strength of mountains, resilience of trees, cheerfulness of flowers. Utility for the modern age: Importance of stillness, openness, and discovering buried parts of ourselves. Wu Wei Means in Chinese, “non-doing” or “doing nothing” – concept is key to Daoism “The way never acts, yet nothing is undone.” Doesn’t mean not acting, but rather effortless action, being at peace while engaged in the most frenetic act.
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