HLT 3380 Exam 1 study guide.docx

HLT 3380 Exam 1 study guide.docx - Exam 1 Study Guide Keep...

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Exam 1 Study Guide Keep in mind that this is a “loose” guide to help you focus. Everything presented in the lectures (powerpoint presentations), books, guest speaker presentation, class discussions, and videos has an equal probability of being included in the exam 1. A. Chapter 1-Culture and Health The social health sciences and culture o Medical sociology : *How disease could be differently understood, treated and experienced by showing how disease is produced out of social organization rather than, nature, biology, or individual choice. *Concerned with the social causes and consequences of health and illness o Medical Anthropology: *How people in different cultures and social groups explain the cause of illness, the type of treatment they believe in, and whom they turn to when ill *Culture construction of illness, the experience, the body, and medical knowledge o Health psychology: *the study of psychological and behavioral processes in health , illness, and healthcare. It is concerned with understanding how psychological , behavioral, and cultural factors contribute to physical health and illness. o Integrating social health sciences: *Culture forms the implicit backdrop to many of the variables studied in psychology, sociology, and anthropology and requires that our understanding of them be presented in a “joined-up” fashion. For us to be able to provide any given individual from whatever cultural background with the optimal care, and to conduct manner-from the perspective of the person seeking healthcare
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Culture race and ethnicity: *A strongly behavioral perspective might suggest that interventions focus only on modifying an individual’s health related behaviors. Understanding at purely societal level might suggest that appropriate innervations should all be beyond the engagement of individuals *Race: Sociology constructed category of people who share biologically transmitted traits that members of a society consider important *Ethnicity: Socially constructed categories based on cultural traits a society defines as important -reflects ancestry, language, and religion Folk Taxonomies : *A classification system that is composed of a hierarchy of groups * Local ways in which people classify things * What is important is whether there are some groups of people whose genetic makeup disadvantages them in terms of health Social Variations: * Social features also differ around the world (the means of production found in a society will determine its functioning, or culture. Different geographical locations will require different social order for optimal functioning * Social variation and social varieties – varieties of language use defined according to class, education, occupation, age, sex, etc. Culture as communication:
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* Culture a term so widely used that its meaning will vary form one situation to another *Allen distinguished seven different ways which culture can be used (Generic, Expressive, Hierarchical, Superorganic, Holistic, Pluralistic and Hegemonic) culture produces overlapping concepts
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