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constitution of 1962.pptx - Presented To Dr Fayyaz Ahmed...

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Presented To: Dr. Fayyaz Ahmed Faize Presented By: Areeba Jawad Maham Arshad Jawairia Tayyab
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BACKGROUND Iskander Mirza –President Of Pakistan: Military background. Distrusting civilians. Problems during his presidency are Great political instability. Civil unrest. Electricity problems in West Pakistan (Suhrawardy establish nuclear plan). Immigration problems. Relation with U.S and Soviet Union deteriorated. Problems with India increased.
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Martial law declared by Iskander Mirza: On October 7, 1958 martial law was declared. General Ayub Khan was appointed Chief Martial Law. Assemblies were dissolved. Prime Minster Sir Feroz Khan noon was dismissed
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CAUSES OF MARTIAL LAW
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Lack of scruples on the part of parliamentary leaders. Widespread corruption, irresponsible conduct of services and disorderly finances. The fast political changes that took place in the country. Four prime ministers during 1955-1958. Iskander Mirza’s dominant behavior.
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Chaudhry Muhammad Ali (1905 – 1980) In Office: 12 August 1955 – 12 September 1956 Status: Elected democratically Political Party: Muslim League Total Duration: 1 Year, 1 Month exactly Husain Shaheed Suhrawardy (1892 – 1963) In Office: 12 September 1956 – 17 October 1957 Status: Elected democratically Political Party: Awami League Total Duration: 1 Year, 1 Month, 5 Days
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Ibrahim Ismail Chundrigar (1898 – 1968) In Office: 17 October 1957 – 16 December 1957 Status: Elected democratically Political Party: Muslim League Total Duration: 1 Month, 29 Days Sir Feroz Khan Noon (1893 – 1970) In Office: 16 December 1957 – 7 October 1958 Status: Elected democratically Political Party: Republican Party Total Duration: 9 Months, 21 Days Post Abolished: 7 October 1958 – 7 December 1971 Total Duration of Abolishment: 13 Years, 2 Months exactly
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Military coup: Two-man dictatorial regime that evolved under the " Establishment ", and the Pakistan Armed Forces. Illegal appointment of General Ayub Khan as Prime Minister on October 24, 1958. Ayub Khan forced President Mirza to resign on October 27, 1958.
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Responsibilities of military government New Political System: Introduction of new local govt system which was announced in Oct 1959.
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