utf8''FINAL DEST 201 F2016 ) LEC 1.ppt

utf8''FINAL DEST 201 F2016 ) LEC 1.ppt - Scope Measurement...

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Scope: Measurement and Morality in Dev’t 09/29/17 1
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Objectives OF LECTURE To familiarize students with: the origins of the: the various labels/language/concepts use to discuss, talk or conceptualize dev’t different interpretations and measurements of dev’t the diversity of the developing & developed worlds, & the experience of dev’t Understand national wealth and its distribution mechanism, and relationship to poverty GNP/per capital, income inequalities etc Understand and appreciate the : the multidimensional nature of the field ethical dilemmas associated with doing dev’t work
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Imperialism and the Colonial Experience on Dev’t Common classifications/labels of countries 1 st , 2 nd & 3 rd worlds - (Alfred Savey & Peter Worsely) Coined in the midst of existing ideological conflict btn. the USA & USSR at the time 3 rd world all the countries outside the major bloc of the West (1 st world) and Soviet Union (2 nd world). the non-aligned world or world of poor countries --Poverty being fundamental identity Large majority if not all have been colonized” 4 th World (George Manuel)—used in 2 distinct ways: So-called failed states Indigenous people (internal colonization) Other common labels developed and developing”, rich & poor worlds High, Mediums and Low Income countries-- (WB/IMF) Gross national income (GNI/GNP) per capita Industrial, emerging and non-industrial countries Global South and North The crude dichotomy btn“ developed and developing” ; and “ 1 st , 2 nd & 3 rd worlds” now replaced by the UNDP Human Dev’t index 09/29/17
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UNDP Labeling The UNDP Human Development index Healthy life (health), access to education and a decent standard of living (income). Others indices-the Physical Quality of Life index-use a summation of complex social interrelationships (general well-being of individuals and societies). Labels and language used in the field: reflect different thinking and conceptualization of dev’t Shape the various approaches/strategies to dev’t intervention 09/29/17
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IMPACT OF LABELING COUNTRIES Some of these labels imply hierarchy of nations Darwinism & very deterministic Some of the traditional labels tell us nothing about: quality of life and distribution of wealth or progress The language and labels highlights some of the core ideas, beliefs, values, models etc. that inform dev’t practice and policy since 1945 As Schafer, Haslam and Beaudet ( 2012:8) ‘ We need to be aware that how we talk about dev’t shapes and is shaped by our culturally informed assumptions and historical position, as well as by the existing relations of power and knowledge 09/29/17
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Characteristic of Developing Nations Low standard of living and productivity High rates of population growth & dependency High and rising levels of unemployment and underemployment Substantial dependence on agricultural production and primary products for exports
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