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task 2 C361.docx - [Type here Pressure Ulcers Jennifer...

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[Type here] Pressure Ulcers Jennifer Compton Western Governors University
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A. Topical Olive Oil is not Inferior to Hyper Oxygenated Fatty Acids to Prevent Pressure Ulcers in High-Risk Immobilized Patients in Home Care. The study initially touches upon the kind of recurring health, social and economic problems that patients suffering from pressure ulcers (PU) undergo. These issues adversely affect their quality of life, hence a begin concern to their close relations. The study defines PU as, “A skin lesion produced secondarily due to a process of ischemia.” (Lupianez-Perez et al., 2015). They have noted that PU has greater prevalence in areas with bony prominences. The study recognizes that PU emerge when the soft body tissue is compressed between two hard surfaces, leading to vascular occlusion and subsequent endothelial damage, impairing micro-circulation within the tissue. The researchers therefore, note that PU are caused by various mechanical forces which include pressure, shear and friction (Agrawal & Chauhan, 2012). Additionally, they have identified numerous remedies which can help cure PU patients. The researchers have identified hyper oxygenated fatty acid (HOFA) as one of them that is widely recommended due to its superior ability in maintaining skin integrity and deterring formation of PU. The scholars have however, recognized the high cost of HOFA as its major drawback, especially where long-term usage is required. Consequently, need for an effective cheaper alternative cure has been of big concern among them. This led to the analysis of olive oil to determine if it can be used as an effective cheaper alternative. In their pursuit, the researchers carried out an intensive study of various scholarly works so as to determine the chemical formula of olive oil and its ability to heal PU. This was to 2
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counter the existing rumor that olive oil was inferior to HOFA and therefore, inefficient in healing PU. The researchers employed non–inferiority, triple blind, parallel, multi-center, randomized clinical trials. Most patient who formed the population for the study were elderly individuals, since they are the worst hit by this particular ailment. These patients included those who attend health care facilities in Andalusia, in Spain. The study analyzed 831 patients who were immobilized with high chances of suffering from pressure ulcers. This population was divided into two, and then two procedures were carried out on them. The first one involved with the application of HOFA, which is employed in normal care practices, while the other applied olive oil (Lupianez-Perez et al., 2015). The outcome of the research indicated stage 2 pressure ulcers fading within the 16 weeks of close monitoring. This information was obtained after examining the locations where the olive oil was applied. The results were then subjected to various statistical processes aimed at proving the hypothesis. The results indicated that when the two topical applicants were used,
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