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ECE Un. 5 Text&Lab Questions

ECE Un. 5 Text&Lab Questions - Text​ ​Questions...

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Unformatted text preview: Text​ ​Questions Review​ ​Questions 1.​ ​What​ ​physical​ ​skills​ ​develop​ ​in​ ​the​ ​first​ ​year?​ ​Physical​ ​skills​ ​that develop​ ​in​ ​the​ ​first​ ​year​ ​of​ ​a​ ​child’s​ ​life​ ​are​ ​small​ ​and​ ​large​ ​motor​ ​skills, language​ ​skills,​ ​and​ ​social​ ​skills. 2.​ ​How​ ​do​ ​two-year-olds​ ​interact​ ​with​ ​one​ ​another​ ​and​ ​express themselves?​ ​Most​ ​two-year-olds​ ​can​ ​interact​ ​with​ ​one​ ​another​ ​by​ ​parallel play,​ ​as​ ​most​ ​two​ ​year​ ​olds​ ​are​ ​not​ ​ready​ ​to​ ​play​ ​with​ ​each​ ​other​ ​and​ ​the children​ ​express​ ​themselves​ ​by​ ​trying​ ​different​ ​problem-solving​ ​skills​ ​to​ ​find one​ ​that​ ​works. 3.​ ​What​ ​suggests​ ​developmental​ ​delays​ ​in​ ​two-year-olds?​ ​When​ ​a two-year-old​ ​falls​ ​frequently,​ ​can’t​ ​climb​ ​stairs,​ ​has​ ​trouble​ ​working​ ​with small​ ​objects​ ​and​ ​building​ ​a​ ​tower​ ​larger​ ​than​ ​four​ ​blocks​ ​high,​ ​drools​ ​often and​ ​has​ ​unclear​ ​speech,​ ​does​ ​not​ ​speak​ ​in​ ​phrases​ ​or​ ​short​ ​sentences,​ ​has little​ ​or​ ​no​ ​interest​ ​in​ ​other​ ​children,​ ​fails​ ​to​ ​make​ ​eye​ ​contact​ ​with​ ​children or​ ​adults,​ ​and/or​ ​continues​ ​to​ ​have​ ​significant​ ​difficulty​ ​separating​ ​from parents​ ​or​ ​caregivers​ ​it​ ​can​ ​signal​ ​developmental​ ​delays. 4.​ ​What​ ​are​ ​global​ ​delays​ ​and​ ​what​ ​may​ ​lead​ ​to​ ​such​ ​delays?​ ​Global delays​ ​are​ ​delays​ ​in​ ​multiple​ ​areas​ ​of​ ​development​ ​and​ ​may​ ​be​ ​the​ ​result​ ​of genetic​ ​syndromes,​ ​such​ ​as​ ​down​ ​syndrome​ ​or​ ​toxin​ ​exposure. 5.​ ​How​ ​does​ ​language​ ​develop​ ​in​ ​early​ ​childhood? - 6​ ​weeks​ ​>​ ​3​ ​months:​ ​makes​ ​sounds 4​ ​>​ ​6​ ​months:​ ​start​ ​babbling,​ ​making​ ​consonant​ ​sounds 6​ ​>​ ​9​ ​months:​ ​start​ ​imitating​ ​speech 9​ ​>​ ​12​ ​months:​ ​words​ ​begin​ ​to​ ​have​ ​meaning,​ ​can​ ​add​ ​words​ ​like​ ​hi and​ ​bye Critical​ ​Thinking​ ​Questions 1.​ ​How​ ​much​ ​variation​ ​is​ ​normal​ ​in​ ​child​ ​development?​ ​When​ ​might you​ ​or​ ​a​ ​parent​ ​become​ ​concerned​ ​about​ ​development?​ ​Variation​ ​is normal​ ​until​ ​it​ ​falls​ ​below​ ​certain​ ​levels​ ​like​ ​still​ ​not​ ​being​ ​able​ ​to​ ​speak​ ​a few​ ​words​ ​or​ ​more,​ ​continuous​ ​and​ ​constant​ ​drooling,​ ​and​ ​still​ ​crawling​ ​all​ ​at the​ ​age​ ​of​ ​two​ ​and​ ​it​ ​then​ ​becomes​ ​concerning​ ​and​ ​that​ ​there​ ​could​ ​be serious​ ​developmental​ ​delays. 2.​ ​Why​ ​is​ ​the​ ​development​ ​of​ ​small​ ​motor​ ​skills​ ​so​ ​important​ ​during the​ ​preschool​ ​years?​ ​First​ ​and​ ​most​ ​importantly,​ ​the​ ​development​ ​of​ ​small motor​ ​skills​ ​during​ ​the​ ​preschool​ ​years​ ​is​ ​important​ ​because​ ​it​ ​shows​ ​that the​ ​child​ ​is​ ​not​ ​showing​ ​signs​ ​of​ ​developmental​ ​delays​ ​in​ ​that​ ​area​ ​and​ ​it​ ​can also​ ​help​ ​them​ ​learn​ ​manners​ ​and​ ​eventually​ ​be​ ​able​ ​to​ ​play​ ​and​ ​socialize with​ ​other​ ​children​ ​in​ ​the​ ​child-care​ ​home​ ​or​ ​facility,​ ​as​ ​well​ ​as​ ​explore​ ​in new​ ​sensations. 3.​ ​How​ ​do​ ​motor​ ​skills​ ​develop​ ​between​ ​ages​ ​five​ ​and​ ​eight?​ ​At​ ​five children​ ​learn​ ​to​ ​start​ ​skipping​ ​and​ ​hopping​ ​perfectly.​ ​The​ ​children​ ​should​ ​be able​ ​to​ ​stand​ ​on​ ​one​ ​foot,​ ​hop​ ​on​ ​either​ ​foot,​ ​jump,​ ​swing,​ ​and​ ​climb. 4.​ ​Other​ ​than​ ​adding​ ​vocabulary,​ ​what​ ​developments​ ​occur​ ​in​ ​speech and​ ​language​ ​skills?​ ​By​ ​five​ ​children​ ​should​ ​be​ ​able​ ​to​ ​maintain​ ​a conversation,​ ​follow​ ​multi-step​ ​instructions,​ ​make​ ​requests,​ ​answer​ ​complex questions,​ ​and​ ​the​ ​pronunciation​ ​of​ ​words​ ​and​ ​letters​ ​should​ ​be​ ​fairly​ ​clear as​ ​sounds​ ​may​ ​not​ ​be​ ​fully​ ​developed​ ​and​ ​accurate. 5.​ ​What​ ​emotional​ ​developments​ ​occur​ ​between​ ​three​ ​and​ ​four​ ​years old?​ ​How​ ​do​ ​these​ ​change​ ​children's​ ​behavior?​ ​They​ ​should​ ​have surpassed​ ​the​ ​defiance​ ​and​ ​tantrum​ ​stages​ ​making​ ​them​ ​more​ ​calm​ ​and easy​ ​to​ ​communicate​ ​with​ ​and​ ​understand. Lab​ ​Questions Annie​ ​Murphy​ ​Paul:​ ​What​ ​We​ ​Learn​ ​Before​ ​We're​ ​Born​​ ​<-​ ​your​ ​first​ ​lab link 1.​ ​Before​ ​beginning​ ​the​ ​video,​ ​when​ ​do​ ​you​ ​think​ ​learning​ ​begin? Why?​ ​I​ ​believe​ ​that​ ​learning​ ​begins​ ​before​ ​we’re​ ​born​ ​which​ ​is​ ​why​ ​many​ ​of us​ ​were​ ​read​ ​to​ ​even​ ​when​ ​we​ ​were​ ​in​ ​our​ ​mother’s​ ​womb. 2.​ ​What​ ​do​ ​fetuses​ ​learn​ ​in​ ​relation​ ​to​ ​sound​ b ​ efore​ ​they​ ​are​ ​born? They​ ​learn​ ​their​ ​mother’s​ ​very​ ​faintly​ ​and​ ​muffled​ s ​ ounding​ ​voice​ ​starting​ ​at the​ ​fourth​ ​month​ ​of​ ​pregnancy. 3.​ ​What​ ​do​ ​fetuses​ ​seem​ ​to​ ​learn​ ​through​ ​taste​ ​before​ ​they​ ​are born?​ ​By​ ​seven​ ​months​ ​of​ ​pregnancy​ ​the​ ​fetus’s​ ​tastebuds​ ​are​ ​fully developed​ ​and​ ​the​ ​flavors​ ​of​ ​the​ ​food​ ​ingested​ ​by​ ​the​ ​mother​ ​finds​ ​its​ ​way into​ ​the​ ​amniotic​ ​fluid​ ​and​ ​it​ ​is​ ​continuously​ ​swallowed​ ​by​ ​the​ ​fetus​ ​and because​ ​these​ ​tastes​ ​are​ ​familiar​ ​they​ ​seem​ ​to​ ​prefer​ ​this​ ​taste​ ​when​ ​they are​ ​out​ ​in​ ​the​ ​world. 4.​ ​What​ ​are​ ​some​ ​of​ ​the​ ​things​ ​that​ ​a​ ​fetus​ ​learns​ ​about​ ​the​ ​world before​ ​the​ ​baby​ ​is​ ​born?​ ​The​ ​fetus​ ​learns​ ​about​ ​the​ ​air​ ​the​ ​mother breathes,​ ​the​ ​food​ ​and​ ​drink​ ​she​ ​consumes,​ ​the​ ​chemicals​ ​she​ ​is​ ​exposed​ ​to, and​ ​even​ ​the​ ​emotions​ ​she​ ​feels​ ​and​ ​incorporates​ ​into​ ​themselves. 5.​ ​If​ ​the​ ​research​ ​on​ ​fetuses​ ​is​ ​correct​ ​that​ ​learning​ ​begins​ ​before birth,​ ​what​ ​are​ ​some​ ​of​ ​the​ ​implications​ ​of​ ​this​ ​for​ ​promoting healthy​ ​learning​ ​and​ ​development​ ​for​ ​children?​ ​This​ ​shows​ ​that​ ​having healthier​ ​eating​ ​or​ ​drinking​ ​habits​ ​and​ ​positive​ ​attitudes​ ​can​ ​also​ ​affect​ ​the baby’s​ ​eating​ ​and​ ​drinking​ ​habits​ ​and​ ​attitudes​ ​as​ ​it​ ​learns​ ​through​ ​the experiences​ ​of​ ​the​ ​mother. Alison​ ​Gopnik:​ ​What​ ​Do​ ​Babies​ ​Think?​​ ​<-​ ​your​ ​second​ ​lab​ ​link 1.​ ​What​ ​has​ ​changed​ ​in​ ​the​ ​ways​ ​that​ ​we​ ​think​ ​about​ ​the​ ​thinking​ ​of babies​ ​in​ ​the​ ​last​ ​twenty​ ​years?​​ ​Twenty​ ​years​ ​ago​ ​most​ ​people​ ​and psychologists​ ​would​ ​have​ ​said​ ​that​ ​babies​ ​were​ ​irrational,​ ​illogical, egocentric,​ ​couldn’t​ ​take​ ​the​ ​perspective​ ​of​ ​other​ ​people,​ ​and​ ​couldn’t understand​ ​cause​ ​and​ ​effect​ ​but​ ​now​ ​developmental​ ​science​ ​says​ ​that​ ​babies are​ ​capable​ ​of​ ​all​ ​of​ ​these​ ​things​ ​and​ ​more. 2.​ ​What​ ​have​ ​researchers​ ​learned​ ​about​ ​the​ ​relationship​ ​between longer​ ​childhoods​ ​and​ ​brain​ ​development?​ ​Researchers​ ​have​ ​learned that​ ​the​ ​relationship​ ​between​ ​longer​ ​childhoods​ ​and​ ​brain​ ​development​ ​is dependence.​ ​As​ ​babies​ ​and​ ​growing​ ​children,​ ​we​ ​depend​ ​on​ ​our​ ​parents​ ​way longer​ ​than​ ​any​ ​other​ ​species​ ​and​ ​it​ ​helps​ ​us​ ​become​ ​smarter,​ ​more​ ​flexible, and​ ​acquire​ ​more​ ​learning​ ​and​ ​information​ ​over​ ​time​ ​so​ ​that​ ​we​ ​can​ ​do things​ ​like​ ​multitask.​ ​For​ ​instance,​ ​we​ ​can​ ​learn​ ​to​ ​eat,​ ​walk,​ ​and​ ​talk​ ​all​ ​at once,​ ​where​ ​it​ ​was​ ​shown​ ​that​ ​if​ ​we​ ​were​ ​let​ ​go​ ​after​ ​a​ ​couple​ ​months​ ​to​ ​be on​ ​our​ ​own​ ​we​ ​would​ ​only​ ​be​ ​able​ ​to​ ​perfect​ ​at​ ​very​ ​few​ ​things. 3.​ ​Why​ ​does​ ​Gopnik​ ​argue​ ​that​ ​babies​ ​learn​ ​so​ ​much​ ​in​ ​such​ ​a​ ​short period​ ​of​ ​time?​ ​Gopnik​ ​argues​ ​that​ ​babies​ ​learn​ ​so​ ​much​ ​in​ ​such​ ​a​ ​short period​ ​of​ ​time​ ​because​ ​they​ ​did​ ​experiments​ ​on​ ​it.​ ​They​ ​tested​ ​this​ ​theory by​ ​using​ ​blocks​ ​and​ ​tell​ ​them​ ​what​ ​was​ ​a​ ​more​ ​effective​ ​way​ ​to​ ​make​ ​the block​ ​light​ ​up​ ​and​ ​they​ ​followed​ ​the​ ​instructions. 4.​ ​Why​ ​is​ ​exploration​ ​and​ ​experimentation​ ​important​ ​for​ ​children?​ ​It is​ ​important​ ​to​ ​let​ ​children​ ​explore​ ​and​ ​experiment​ ​as​ ​it​ ​lets​ ​them experience​ ​and​ ​learn​ ​things​ ​for​ ​themselves​ ​like​ ​actions​ ​and​ ​consequences for​ ​example. 5.​ ​What​ ​are​ ​some​ ​of​ ​the​ ​ways​ ​that​ ​early​ ​childhood​ ​caregivers​ ​can use​ ​the​ information​ ​that​ ​Gopnik​ ​discusses​ ​to​ ​help​ ​children​ ​develop? Early​ ​childhood​ ​caregivers​ ​can​ ​use​ ​the​ ​information​ ​that​ ​Gopnik​ ​discusses​ ​to see​ ​what​ ​kind​ ​of​ ​choices​ ​babies​ ​will​ ​make​ ​for​ ​themselves​ ​and​ ​how​ ​they​ ​learn and​ ​how​ ​they​ ​can​ ​influence​ ​the​ ​learning​ ​of​ ​the​ ​children​ ​in​ ​the​ ​home​ ​of facility. ...
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