Unformatted text preview: Text Questions
1. What physical skills develop in the first year? Physical skills that
develop in the first year of a child’s life are small and large motor skills,
language skills, and social skills.
2. How do two-year-olds interact with one another and express
themselves? Most two-year-olds can interact with one another by parallel
play, as most two year olds are not ready to play with each other and the
children express themselves by trying different problem-solving skills to find
one that works.
3. What suggests developmental delays in two-year-olds? When a
two-year-old falls frequently, can’t climb stairs, has trouble working with
small objects and building a tower larger than four blocks high, drools often
and has unclear speech, does not speak in phrases or short sentences, has
little or no interest in other children, fails to make eye contact with children
or adults, and/or continues to have significant difficulty separating from
parents or caregivers it can signal developmental delays.
4. What are global delays and what may lead to such delays? Global
delays are delays in multiple areas of development and may be the result of
genetic syndromes, such as down syndrome or toxin exposure.
5. How does language develop in early childhood?
- 6 weeks > 3 months: makes sounds
4 > 6 months: start babbling, making consonant sounds
6 > 9 months: start imitating speech
9 > 12 months: words begin to have meaning, can add words like hi
and bye Critical Thinking Questions
1. How much variation is normal in child development? When might
you or a parent become concerned about development? Variation is
normal until it falls below certain levels like still not being able to speak a few words or more, continuous and constant drooling, and still crawling all at
the age of two and it then becomes concerning and that there could be
serious developmental delays.
2. Why is the development of small motor skills so important during
the preschool years? First and most importantly, the development of small
motor skills during the preschool years is important because it shows that
the child is not showing signs of developmental delays in that area and it can
also help them learn manners and eventually be able to play and socialize
with other children in the child-care home or facility, as well as explore in
3. How do motor skills develop between ages five and eight? At five
children learn to start skipping and hopping perfectly. The children should be
able to stand on one foot, hop on either foot, jump, swing, and climb.
4. Other than adding vocabulary, what developments occur in speech
and language skills? By five children should be able to maintain a
conversation, follow multi-step instructions, make requests, answer complex
questions, and the pronunciation of words and letters should be fairly clear
as sounds may not be fully developed and accurate.
5. What emotional developments occur between three and four years
old? How do these change children's behavior? They should have
surpassed the defiance and tantrum stages making them more calm and
easy to communicate with and understand. Lab Questions
Annie Murphy Paul: What We Learn Before We're Born <- your first lab
link 1. Before beginning the video, when do you think learning begin?
Why? I believe that learning begins before we’re born which is why many of
us were read to even when we were in our mother’s womb.
2. What do fetuses learn in relation to sound b
efore they are born?
They learn their mother’s very faintly and muffled s
ounding voice starting at
the fourth month of pregnancy. 3. What do fetuses seem to learn through taste before they are
born? By seven months of pregnancy the fetus’s tastebuds are fully
developed and the flavors of the food ingested by the mother finds its way
into the amniotic fluid and it is continuously swallowed by the fetus and
because these tastes are familiar they seem to prefer this taste when they
are out in the world.
4. What are some of the things that a fetus learns about the world
before the baby is born? The fetus learns about the air the mother
breathes, the food and drink she consumes, the chemicals she is exposed to,
and even the emotions she feels and incorporates into themselves.
5. If the research on fetuses is correct that learning begins before
birth, what are some of the implications of this for promoting
healthy learning and development for children? This shows that having
healthier eating or drinking habits and positive attitudes can also affect the
baby’s eating and drinking habits and attitudes as it learns through the
experiences of the mother.
Alison Gopnik: What Do Babies Think? <- your second lab link
1. What has changed in the ways that we think about the thinking of
babies in the last twenty years? Twenty years ago most people and
psychologists would have said that babies were irrational, illogical,
egocentric, couldn’t take the perspective of other people, and couldn’t
understand cause and effect but now developmental science says that babies
are capable of all of these things and more.
2. What have researchers learned about the relationship between
longer childhoods and brain development? Researchers have learned
that the relationship between longer childhoods and brain development is
dependence. As babies and growing children, we depend on our parents way
longer than any other species and it helps us become smarter, more flexible,
and acquire more learning and information over time so that we can do
things like multitask. For instance, we can learn to eat, walk, and talk all at
once, where it was shown that if we were let go after a couple months to be
on our own we would only be able to perfect at very few things. 3. Why does Gopnik argue that babies learn so much in such a short
period of time? Gopnik argues that babies learn so much in such a short
period of time because they did experiments on it. They tested this theory
by using blocks and tell them what was a more effective way to make the
block light up and they followed the instructions.
4. Why is exploration and experimentation important for children? It
is important to let children explore and experiment as it lets them
experience and learn things for themselves like actions and consequences
5. What are some of the ways that early childhood caregivers can
use the information that Gopnik discusses to help children develop?
Early childhood caregivers can use the information that Gopnik discusses to
see what kind of choices babies will make for themselves and how they learn
and how they can influence the learning of the children in the home of
View Full Document
- Fall '17