MALE Reproductive System Study Guide.docx

MALE Reproductive System Study Guide.docx -...

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Reproduction System REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM (Chapters 27 & 28)  1. Know the functions of the male and female reproductive systems. Male reproductive system - produce sperm and introduce sperm into the female body Female reproductive system - produce eggs, receive sperm, provides for the union of  gametes, harbors fetus, gives birth and nourishes the offspring Gametes – reproductive cells (eggs or sperm) that meet and combine their genes to  form a zygote 2. What is fertilization? Fertilization - fusion of male and female gametes to form a zygote (fertilized egg) 3. What are the gonads? What are gametes? –  Make sure you know the difference between gonads and gametes. Gametes – reproductive cells (eggs or sperm) that meet and combine their genes to  form a zygote 4. What are the  Primary  sex organs of the male and female reproductive system? Male: Testes Female: Ovaries 5. What are the  Secondary  sex organs of the male and female reproductive system? male – system of ducts, glands, penis  female - uterine tubes, uterus, and vagina 6. Be able to identify the organs that are internal and the organs that are external. Internal i. Male – 1. Testes, ducts ii. Female 1. uterine tubes, uterus, and vagina External i. Male – scrotum and penis ii. Female – clit, labia minora and majora 7. What developmental structure does the male reproductive tract develop from? Mesonephric duct 8. What developmental structure does the female reproductive tract develop from? Paramesonephric duct 9. How many chromosomes do all human cells except gametes have? 43 10. How many chromosomes do gametes have?
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23 11. What determines whether an organism will be genetically male or female – (is it the sperm or  the egg or both)?
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