Sample Annotated Bibliography.docx

Sample Annotated Bibliography.docx - Blood For Bananas...

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Blood For Bananas: United Fruit’s Central American Empire Berman, Jillian. “Next Chapter In The Global Banana Trade’s Bloody History: ‘Walmartization.’” Huffington Post . March 10, 2014. Accessed May 7, 2015. . Berman offers a concise yet informative history of United Fruit, the predecessor company to Chiquita, which Berman reports recently merged with the Irish banana company Fyffes that supplies most of the European banana market. Just three companies – Chiquita-Fyffes, Dole, and Del Monte now control over 80% of the global banana market. While the companies argue that consolidation enables them to “[grow] and [sell] the best product under good working conditions that are respectful of the environment,” Berman reports that in fact monopolization has not just created infrastructure linking the agricultural sectors of Central America to global markets, but has also contributed to some of the worst human rights violations and environmental destruction since the late 19th century. For her article, Berman interviewed University of New Orleans anthropologist Steve Striffler, co-editor of Banana Wars: Power, Production, and History in the Americas . According to Striffler, “United Fruit [was] sort of the most notorious,” wielding “considerable power over local governments.” Ultimately, the recent Chiquita-Fyffes merger demonstrates the longevity of large-scale banana production over the long 20th century and the continuation of the political influence and unrest created by such corporations in the tropics. Cagle, Hugh Glenn. “United Fruit Company.” In Peter N. Stearns, editor. Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World . New York: Oxford University Press, 2008. Accessed May 7, 2015. - 9780195176322-e-1643. Cagle offers a concise description of United Fruit Company, Formed in 1899, United Fruit became integral to a growing global consumer economy whereby European and American companies exercised tremendous commercial and imperial power in Africa, Asia, Latin America, and Oceania. By the 1930s, United Fruit supplied tropical products, including bananas, sugar, and cacao from plantations it owned and operated in Nicaragua, Venezuela, Guatemala, Honduras, Costa Rica, Panama, Columbia, and Ecuador. Cagle notes that one of the primary tactics used by United Fruit was to import laborers from the West Indies. Many plantation workers in Central America were of Jamaican origin, for example, and were often used to undercut the wages and bargaining power of local peasants, in Guatemala, for example. Though brief, Cagle’s encyclopedia entry confirms what Cocks and Colby in particular (see next two
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  • Fall '17
  • Ken Faunce
  • History

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