Sociology 1000 Final Exam.docx

Sociology 1000 Final Exam.docx - Sociology 1000 Final Exam...

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Sociology 1000 Final Exam Textbook Chapter One Early Sociologists o Auguste Comte Credited as “founder of sociology” Sociologists would be “priests” to guide society o Emile Durkheim Society was like the human body; various segments work for the whole Founded structural functionlism o Karl Marx Societies are founded on power, coercion, and conflict Grandfather of communism and conflict theory o Max Weber Founded symbolic interactionism Durkheim’s Theory o Social structures also affect nonsocial & antisocial actions o Solidarity levels affect suicide o Because of youth suicide rising Canadian suicide rates don’t exactly follow Durkheim’s France, but his theory explains contemporary patterns well Sociologists analyze o Personal troubles and social structures connection o The influence of microstructures, macrostructures & global structures on human action Four Major Theoretical Traditions o Functionalism Modern society creates anomie: a condition in which society provides little moral guidance to individuals (normalness) Too broad, ignores inequalities, focuses on stability at the expense of conflict and assumes “natural” order o Conflict Theory Bourgeoisie: owners of capital (dominate) Proletariat: workers Capitalism alienates workers in 4 ways From the act of working – workers have no say From products of work From other workers – competitive From human potential o Feminism Maternal Feminism
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Early 19 th century, moral crusaders (improve society), temperance movement, women’s suffrage, interested in improvement and stability of society Liberal Feminism Early 60s, women gain equality through access to education and jobs, “second wave” of feminism, didn’t want radical change, just equal access Radical Feminism Women organize separately from men to protect their interests, gender is what oppresses women, women are vulnerable because they rely on men Socialist Feminism Gender inequalities viewed in a historical/economic context influence by class inequalities, organize with men of the same class to solve gender inequality, it’s not about gender its about class o Symbolic Interactionism Agents: people have goals and pursue them George Mead: people interact by strings of symbols i.e. language Blumer: people act toward things on the basis of meanings those things have for them Game Theory: what one chooses depends on what others choose Learning Theory: the micro sociological argument that individuals act and interact based on their past history of associations, rewards, and punishments and observing being instructed by others Rational Choice Theory: Idea that individuals make choices based on careful cost benefit considerations with the intention of maximizing benefits while minimizing costs Rise of Sociology Stimulated by o Scientific Revolution o Industrial Revolution o Democratic Revolution o
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