Evidence Based Practice and Applied Nursing Research task 2 JS.docx

Evidence Based Practice and Applied Nursing Research task 2 JS.docx

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Running Head: EVIDENCE BASED PRACTICE AND APPLIED NURSING RESEARCH 1 Evidence Based Practice and Applied Nursing Research Jessica Samples Task 2 4/3/2017 Healthcare Problem: Pressure Ulcers (PU)
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EVIDENCE BASED PRACTICE AND APPLIED NURSING RESEARCH 2 Pressure ulcers are a medical complication that is prevalent among the elderly individual. The occurrence of pressure ulcers is attributed to the increase in population among the older population and is related to co-morbidities (Agrawal & Chauhan, 2012). Pressure ulcers lead to decreased quality of life and prolonged hospitalization among the older adults. The active development of a pressure ulcer is contributed by a variety of systemic factors such as functional impairment, infections, malnutrition, aging of the skin, and chronic diseases. Besides, other attributing factors of pressure ulcers include low protein, low body mass index (BMI), anemia, and albumin. Therefore, primary caregivers have the role of preventing the development of pressure ulcers by providing patient and family education. Ideally, the form of education provided to these individuals should focus on the significance of skin oils, pressure relieving devices such as mattresses and cushions, the importance of changing positions, and adequate intake of calories by the patient. A zero-tolerance policy is required for both the primary nurse and doctor for effective control of pressure ulcers. Significance of the Problem The prevalence of pressure ulcers causes a heavy financial challenge on both the healthcare system and patient’s family. Besides, pressure ulcers weaken the quality of life of patient which result in reduced life expectancy. Ideally, the caregivers of pressure ulcer patients are often stressed by their challenging workload which causes further complications and illnesses The biological process of aging is characterized by an increase in co-morbidities whereby the elderly individuals are vulnerable to pressure ulcers. Therefore, healthcare facilities are facing challenges of implementing preventive intervention strategies for people infected with traumatic conditions for example hip fracture and deconditioning. Due to this problem, the statistics of
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EVIDENCE BASED PRACTICE AND APPLIED NURSING RESEARCH 3 individuals developing pressure ulcers is on the rise. Similarly, early discharge of individuals infected with chronic diseases increases their susceptibility to developing pressure ulcers (Agrawal, & Chauhan, 2012). Agrawal and Chauhan (2012) conducted a study in which they stated that pressure ulcers increase the cost of health care since individuals with this condition are required to stay in the hospital for a long period as opposed to their counterparts. For instance, in the UK, it is estimated that about 1.4 to 2.1 billion pounds are used to treat pressure ulcers every year. However, the cost increases with the severity of the wounds.
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