Psych 1000 Final.docx - Sigmund Freud Intellectual...

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Sigmund Freud Intellectual Atmosphere o Freud’s theory did not develop in a vacuum Development of Psychoanalysis o The relationship of experience and the development of his ideas. The case of ANNA O Free Association o A technique to replace hypnosis Freud’s Crises o A failure to verify The Interpretation of Dreams o Held to be Freud’s single most important published work and another technique to extend Free Association The Theory of Personality o From his work came a method for investigation, an approach to psychotherapy and a theory o Components Id Ego Superego o Kinds of Anxiety Reality Moral Neurotic o Libido as a Driving Force Stages of Psychosexual Development Oedipus Complex Major Theorists Definitions of Personality Allport o The dynamic organization within the individual of those psychophysical systems that determine his or her unique adjustment to his or her environment Linton o Personality is the organized aggregate of psychological processes and states pertaining to the individual Cattell o That which permits a prediction of what a person will do in a given situation McClelland o The most adequate conceptualization of a person’s behavior in all its detail that a scientist can give at a moment in time Guildford o A person’s unique pattern of traits Pervin o Personality represents those characteristics of the person or of people generally that account for consistent patterns of behavior Humanistic Perspective Bugental
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o Humanistic psychology has as its ultimate goal the preparation of a complete description of what it means to be alive as a human being o Confessed that the goal was unlikely to ever be achieved as “the very process of describing the human experience changes that experience and that the more such a description approaches completeness, the more it is apt to be a basis for change in the very experience it describes o Man’s awareness about himself acts as a constantly ‘recycling’ agency to produce changes in himself o Six Points of Humanistic Psychology 1. Disavows as inadequate and even misleading descriptions of human functioning and experience based wholly or in large part on subhuman species 2. Insists that meaning is more important than method in choosing problems for study, in designing and executing the studies, and in interpreting their results 3. Gives primary concern to man’s subjective experience and secondary concern to his actions, insisting that this primacy of the subjective is fundamental in any human endeavor 4. Sees a constant interaction between ‘science’ and ‘application’ such that each constantly contributes to the other and the attempt to rigidly separate them is recognized as handicapping to both 5. Is concerned with the individual, the exceptional, and the unpredicted rather than seeking only to study the regular, the universal, and the conforming 6.
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