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Page 1 of 5 PHIL 1313 Test #2 Practice Questions 1-15: Fill in the blanks using terminology from the course (4 points each). 1. _________________is an expression that carries a negative connotation used in substitution for one whose connotation is less negative. 2. _________________ is an expression that carries a positive connotation used in substitution for one whose connotation is less positive. 3. A statement that defines a word in a way that is meant to evoke a slanted connotation is a _________________. 4. _________________ is an expression that implies a further claim without doing to explicitly. 5. _________________is an expression that diminishes something or someone’s legitimacy or importance. 6.________________ illicitly infers a causal relationship merely because one event precedes the other. 7.________________ substitutes an appeal to one’s vanity for reasons supporting the claim. 8. ____________________ substitutes hope that a claim is true for reasons supporting the claim. 9. ______________________ illicitly rejects a claim based upon some non-relevant feature of the person making that claim. 10. ______________________ substitutes the fact that a claim has been held for a long time for reasons supporting the claim. 11. ______________________ is an attack on a feeble argument or claim that substitutes for an attack on the opponent’s actual argument or claim. 12. _______________________ illicitly limits considerations to fewer than are appropriate when considering an issue. 13. ______________________ illicitly demands that a claim with strong inherent credibility is argued for rather than having to argue for the denial of that claim. 14. _____________________ substitutes an attack upon the historical origin of a claim for reasons against the claim. 15. _____________________ incorporates what is supposed to be proven by an argument into one of the premises of the argument. Questions 16-25: Identify the rhetorical device used in each statement or if there is no rhetoric, write “none” (4 points each) If you are unsure, you may enter two answers and if both are very reasonable, you will get full points; HOWEVER, if only one is, you will get partial points. For any answer that you think needs to be justified, you can provide your justification on the back of this page . 16. The hospital and residential areas that were accidentally bombed in Iraq today are simply the result of the collateral damage of war. __________________.
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