Chapter 1- Introduction, Acquiring Knowledge, & the Scientific Method.docx

Chapter 1- Introduction, Acquiring Knowledge, & the Scientific Method.docx

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Chapter 1: Introduction, Acquiring Knowledge, & the Scientific Method Introduction to Research Methodology Why take a research methods course? To learn how to apply science to the study of human behavior To understand and interpret others’ research To evaluate claims in everyday media To discover how to acquire knowledge and make decisions by applying the scientific method The Steps in the Research Process 1. Find a research idea: select a topic and search the literature to find an unanswered question 2. Form a hypothesis 3. Determine how you will define and measure your variables 4. Identify the participants or subjects for the study, decide how they will be selected, and plan for their ethical tx 5. Select a research strategy 6. Select a research design 7. Conduct the study 8. Evaluate the data 9. Report the results 10. Refine or reformulate your research idea ►Return to step 2 and continue Important: there are no final answers What is a good research idea? What is it about this question that is interesting to you? Why might this question be scientifically important? To what extent will the science of psychology be advanced by knowing the answer to this research question? Why would anyone be interested in the results obtained by asking this question? Methods of Knowing and Acquiring Knowledge Nonscientific approaches Method of tenacity Method of intuition Method of authority Rational method Method of empiricism Scientific method Goal is to obtain better-quality answers Methods of Tenacity What is tenacity?
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