Study Guide for Test on Jonhson's Forest and the Trees

Study Guide for Test on Jonhson's Forest and the Trees -...

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Intro Lecture Know the difference in their definitions of sociology; Berger: societies are curious and they pursue this with scientific methodology - Mills: concerned with the intersection of individuals and history (larger social realities/how they evolved) - Durkheim: sociology is more important the biology/psych, concerned with how groups affect each other & the world EX: police and professor interaction - Weber: not everyone that belongs to groups are in line with the group's characteristics (ideal types) - Chapter 1 Terms Privilege : difference is the basis for it When people belong to a particular group and get benefits from it A "one up" that people get without asking for it - Individualism : explains the world in terms of what's going on inside individuals It isolates us, promotes devise competition, and makes it harder to sustain a sense of community "bad things happen because of bad people" It reduces everything to the personalities and behviour of the people we perceive to be in charge - Social system: collection of roles in relationship to one another that form a coherent whole Systems exert strong influence over our behaviour, but we also influence the system We are given privilege from the system if we don't want to EX: knowing how to act when you show up to a wedding - JOHNSON TEST Saturday, September 23, 2017 8:57 PM
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Suicide example (Durkheim): individual act, typically done alone We often ask how that individual person was feeling at the time Should be looking at patterns of suicide and how people feel and behave in relation to systems (and how those systems work) - Shows why Durkheim thought sociological viewpoint was better than individualistic Individual action vs. systems action Agency : my power as an individual agent to make something happen Structure : being used to mean system EX: Changing policy has potential to affect more people than deciding to participate in an event § - Individual responsibility - what is our individual responsibility? To be aware and step off of paths of least resistance - Social location School example: school is what people do when they identify themselves as "in school" We have norms set up for how you are supposed to act in school, it limits the range of things we can do in school § Social positions limit the number of ways we can experience school § Identity is linked to social location § - Social position: where we are in the ladder of social roles - Paths of least resistance : the easiest way in life Role conflict is when two paths of least resistance combine and are in conflict with one another EX: father that is also a teacher § - Critical thinking: attempt to step outside of ideologies and make reflective, logic based judgement.
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