Drugs Exam 1 Materials.docx

Drugs Exam 1 Materials.docx - Chapter 1 Drug Use Drug users...

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Chapter 1 09/06/2017 ° Drug Use Drug users are found in all occupations and professions, at all income and social class levels and in all age groups No one is immune to drug use, which often leads to drug dependence Thus, drug use is an equal-opportunity affliction (meaning can affect anyone no matter their background) ° ° Four Principle Factors That Affect Drug Use: ° 1. Pharmacological Factors: How does a drug affect the body? How do drug ingredients interact with the body and the nervous system ° 2. Cultural Factors: How do societal views, determined by custom and tradition, affect our initial approach to drug use? ° 3. Social Factors: What are the specific reasons why a drug is taken (curing an illness, self medicating, peer pressure, family upbringing, membership in drug abusing subcultures, etc)? ° 4. Contextual Factors: How do physical surroundings (rock concerts, nightclubs, frat/sorority parties, winning the SEC championship) affect drug use? ° ° The Dimensions of Drug Abuse ° 1. Q: What is a drug ? A: Any substance that modifies (by enhancing, inhibiting, or distorting) mind and/or body functioning ° 2. What is a psychoactive drug ? Drug compounds (substances) that affect the central nervous system and/or alter consciousness and/or perceptions
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° ° Psychoactive Drugs ° 1. Psychoactive drugs are classified either as: Licit (Legal) o Examples: coffee, tea, alcohol, tobacco, and over the counter drugs Illicit (Illegal) o Examples: marijuana, cocaine, LSD, etc ° ° Designer Drugs Structural analogs (ie. designer drugs) are drugs that result from altered chemical structures of current illicit drugs ° ° Gateway Drugs Gateway Drugs: are types if commonly used drugs that are believed to lead to using more powerful mind-alternating and addictive drugs, such as hallucinogens, cocaine, crack, and heroin o Alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana are the most commonly used gateway drugs (?) ° ° Drug Misuse: Drug Misuse: is the unintentional or inappropriate use of prescribed or over-the-counter (OTC) types of drugs ° ° Drug Abuse: Drug Abuse: Is the willful misuse of either licit or illicit drugs for the purpose of recreation, perceived necessity, or convenience. °
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° Erich Goode’s Four Types of Drug Use: ° 1. Legal Instrumental Use- taking prescribed or OTC drugs to relieve or treat mental or physical symptoms (Taking for what intended) ° 2. Legal Recreation Use- using licit drugs like tobacco, alcohol, and caffeine to achieve a certain mental state ° 3. Illegal instrumental use- taking non-prescribed drugs to achieve a task or goal ° 4. Illegal recreational use- taking illicit drugs for fun or pleasure ° ° Drug Use: Statistics and Trends We spend a lot of money on drugs ° ° Drug Quiz: ° 1. Q: How many american use or have used marijuana in their lifetime?
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