Lecture Notes.docx - Ethno-sensitivity Become more...

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° Ethno-sensitivity Become more sensitive and respectful of cross-cultural differences. Seven Stage Model o Fear or mistrust tend to trust our own race immigration: taking our jobs isis: labeling certain races/religions with a stereotype o Denial of cultural differences Cultural of the system rural vs. urban religion role of treatment o Feelings of superiority M.D. I know what you need etc. you shouldn’t say anything because I know more than you do. o Minimization of cultural differences Uncomfortable, so you go towards people who are more similar to you. language o Cultural relativism (similar) Diet Religion o Empathy Caring but recognizing they do not come from the same economic etc as you o Cultural integration Taking those cultures and putting it in your practice. Focus on type of care that the population that you provide to.
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Cultural Diversity ° Socio-Economic Status:
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A persons money, background, education, and other things and how it relates to money. ° Latino Americans Diverse population groups o Brazilians, Cubans, Mexican Americans, Puerto Ricans How do they perceive certain social, psychological, or physical effects etc.? Types of Healers o Curandero(a), espirisistas, sobador(a) (Not always a doctor or a nurse) “Hot” and “Cold” Illnesses and remedies o Treatment to restore balance Role of acculturation o Acculturation: “immigrants” o when you have a native culture when it is not the dominant culture in a country. ° African Americans Health Practices relate to: o Degree of adherence to traditional ideas o Geographic locale o Education o Socioeconomic status o Scientific orientation Philosophy of Health
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o Holistic; mind and body are inseparable o Natural vs. Unnatural Voodoo o White/Black magic Hoodoo o Combination of magic and simple medicinal practices (present in the earth) Traditional models of healthcare delivery and western practices are used in conjunction with one another. ° Asian Americans Traditional Beliefs o Tao (harmony between heaven and earth) o Yin and Yang (Dualism of the universe) o Five elements (Wood, fire, earth, metal and water) To be healthy an individual must seek to adjust him/herself completely within the environment and balance the forces of yin and yang. Hold/Cold classification of diseases Concepts o Wind o Breath o Blood Differences may vary among subpopulations o Hmong: spirits inhabit rocks/ponds/rivers o Vietnamese: perceive magic, ancestors
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° Native Americans Varied beliefs o Spirituality o Interconnectedness of all things (living and non-living) o Humans are one small piece of the universe Traditional o Holistic o Balance (physical, mental, spiritual and emotional) Relate religious beliefs and health practices to the environment in which they live The world is filled with spirits that inhabit land, water, animals and the sky.
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  • Spring '08
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