Exam 1 Review.docx - Online Lecture What is Health What is...

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Online Lecture What is Health? What is Community? Why Community Health? Small Pox Widespread killer in 1900s Outbreak decline until 1929 NYC outbreak scare, 6M immunization 1947 WHO Eradication campaign 1967 Eradicated in 1980 Infectious diseases that have recently reemerged SARS Avian flu Ebola TB HIV Antibiotic resistant illnesses Epidemiological transition = how what kills us has changed over time Decrease in Mortality rates due to sanitation and vaccinations Health isn’t focused on disease, it’s focused on what around people affects health New Paradigm: Away from traditional medical model WHO Definition of health o A state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being, and not merely the absence of a disease and infirmity ( paradigm began when WHO made this definition ) Health Field Concept (1974) o Biology o Environment o Lifestyle o Health care organization/delivery U.S. Communicable Disease Center Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Healthy People Originally Surgeon General’s Report on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention (1979) Promoting Health/Preventing Diseases: Objectives for The Nation (1980) Healthy People Goals : o Increase life span o Eliminate disparities o Improve quality of life (2010)
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Socio-ecological model Public policy Community Organizational Interpersonal Individual Reciprocal Determinism - Don’t build on one another, but they do influence eachother Health Related Quality of Life (HRQOL) Indicators PERCEIVED physical and/or mental well-being Measuring QOL o Perceived life satisfaction o Ability to do daily activities Health related quality of life (HRQOL) o Impact of health problems and Health Promotion on QOL INDICATORS o Criterion for health disparities Healthy Days Measure - rate health and how many of the last 30 days did physical/mental health affect ability to do things Activity Limitations - Limited from activities by their health. What health problems they have. Pain, depression, sleep, and energy levels Social Indicators ( levels of data analysis by UN ) – Data points you can use to analyze community health Child bearing Child and elderly populations Contraceptive use Health Housing Human settlements Income and economic activity Literacy Rates Population estimates Unemployment Water supply and sanitation Population health- Enacting laws and health policy Individual health- Treating or managing a disease Doctor and self-motivation higher with individual health Professional paradigms (how we think about a concept or profession) in health Philosophical or theoretical framework and related practices of a profession Why and How for professional approaches or principles Evident in o Missions and goals o Theoretical constructs and methods o Professional competencies and skills
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Professional paradigms of Public Health Science and art of protecting and improving the health of communities o
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