Exam 2 Review.docx - Reading Assignment CDC Reading...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Reading Assignment CDC Reading Epidemiology - the study of the distribution and determinants of health-related states or events in specified populations , and the application of this study to the control of health problems Not just a study of health, but involves applying knowledge gained by the studies to community-based practice An epidemiologist’s patient is the community Frequency - the number of health events and the relationship of that number to population size Pattern - occurrence of health events by time, place, and person Determinants - causes and other factors that influence the occurrence of disease and health events Historical evolution: About 2500 years old 400 B.C.- Hippocrates tries to explain disease occurrence 1662- John Graunt published a mortality data analysis 1800- William Farr father of modern vital statistics and surveillance 1854- John Snow the father of field epidemiology o Cholera investigation in the Golden Square of London 1900&2000- basically expanding epidemiology to all areas Uses: Assess a community’s health Making individual decisions Completing clinical picture Searching for causes Descriptive epidemiology - covers time , place , and person Time o Secular (long term) trends o Seasonality o Day of week and time of day o Epidemic period Place o Tables o Spot maps Person o Age o Sex o Ethnic and Racial groups o Socioeconomic status Analytic Epidemiology - using descriptive epidemiology to generate hypotheses, but only rarely to test those hypotheses Key factor = comparison group Two categories of epidemiological studies: experimental and observational Experimental study - determining through a controlled process the exposure for each individual Observational study - observes the exposure and disease status of each study participant o Cohort study - tracking to see if one develops the disease of interest Need follow-ups or prospective cohort studies o Retrospective cohort study - exposure and outcomes have already occurred
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
o Case-control study - have people with and without disease. Look at precious exposures between the two groups o Cross-sectional study -people from a population are enrolled and their exposures and health outcomes are measured simultaneously. Assess prevalence of the health outcome. Causation Epidemiological triad o Agent o Host o Environment Component causes - individual factors Sufficient cause - casual pathway or complete pie Necessary cause - a component that appears in every pie or pathway
Image of page 2
Guest Lecture Reality Education for Drivers One-day hospital-based injury prevention program Free education sentencing alternative for juveniles Participants exhibiting risky behaviors referred by judges To prevent bad choices and save lives, through partnerships and teamwork Agenda: 1. Pre- & Post-Tests 2. Introductions – Attendees & Presenters 3. Emergency Room & Morgue Tour (!!) 4. Drowsy Driving 5. Speeding 6. Distracted Driving 7. Seat Belt Safety 8. Drinking and Driving 9. Class Evaluations 10. Proof of Full Class Attendance
Image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern