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Potter 1 Jessica Potter Professor Monteiro English 1301-318 1 August 2017 Antivivisection: On the Brink of Breakthrough Never before have we as a nation had such influential access to technology in the medical field and it is still advancing exponentially, not just on humans, but also on animals. Unfortunately, despite the medical breakthrough of antivivisection, we have yet to transition into these cruelty-free methods. Animal testing in terms of vivisection should be banned because there are successful alternative methods, and in utilizing these alternative methods, we cut out many negative aspects of animal testing while avoiding limitations on medical advancement. Antivivisection methods can prevent many negative aspects of animal vivisection in medical research. There are more reasons the FDA should switch entirely to antivivisection methods than there are fingers on your hands. Touching up on a fraction of them would be enough of an argument, such as incongruent test results due to our vastly differing biological systems, the high cost of individual animal tests themselves, the lengthy testing and observation periods, and the fact that antivivisection is completely ethical with no harm done to humans or animals. Some of these alternative methods include in vitro testing, which uses human tissue and cell cultures to determine if a product is safe, which provides more accuracy than animal cells. There are complex and accurate computer models and simulations that can determine outcomes and reactions of a chemical with a human based on research and databases we already have. Human microdosing is another viable option in which a miniscule dose of a chemical is given to
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Potter 2 a human patient and the blood work is analyzed. In this case, the dose is so small there would be no adverse reactions. Stem cell research is also a helpful tool that uses human cells to analyze biological reactions, for example, artificial skin and organ-simulating products such as EpiDerm and ThinCert. Legal scholars Gray, et. al, explain antibody production by phage display, an alternative method to animal testing that “[provides] the same or higher level of information as the animal procedure” (968), which proves that we are progressing into a new era of medical science in which animal vivisection has become unnecessary. What it comes down to, essentially, is humans are not rats, dogs, cats, or even chimpanzees. We cannot rely on the biological systems of completely different species to perfectly reflect our own. With the advanced state of biotechnology, we no longer need to make animals suffer in experiments scientists “hypothesize” will have some positive outcome. In some cases, there is no hypothesis and the experiments are just guesswork.
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