Unformatted text preview: 4.2.1 U.S. HIST. SEM. 2
- Stores have sales to draw customers into the store to buy other things that are not on
sale, to beat competition, and to get rid of old merchandise quickly to get new
merchandise in . The development of the microprocessor
- Before the microprocessor, computers could do little more than very basic calculations.
The data-collecting power and speed of microprocessors provide information that allows
stores to make smarter decisions about selling goods.
- Microprocessor : The area in a computer that holds most of the computer's
functions and programs. led to the modern computer. Who Owns the Rights?
- - - Napster, an Internet service started in 1999, allowed users to download music (.mp3)
files directly from other users' computers, and to upload their own music. Napster's users
were called "peers."
Within months, millions of Americans had signed up to use this peer-to-peer (P2P)
network and "share" all the music they had with other users. People who owned the
copyrights to this music — musicians, songwriters, and others — were angry, because
they were not getting paid for the music they created. Two years later, Napster was shut
Many people who used Napster did not consider themselves thieves. In their view, they
were simply making music they loved and "owned" available to a wide group of people. Electronic Voting
- - Elections are controlled by states, often at the county level, so different systems are
used across the country. Paper ballots were first counted by machine at the beginning of
the 20th century. In the 1960s, the first computer-read ballot systems were introduced;
these often required voters to punch a card or mark a page with a pencil (like a multiple
choice test). Fully digital systems have been created but are in use in only certain
counties, while some places still use the century-old mechanical system.
Some richer communities bought computerized voting machines for the 2004 election,
but they led to problems. In the 2008 presidential election, there was a rule that all
machines had to have a paper record as backup. This meant that precincts with
computer-only systems had to connect printers or buy new machines (again). BIG RETAIL
- JIT delivery
Direct shipment from warehouses
Computerized inventory management INDEPENDENT PROVIDERS
- Information about their business is more available - Low cost of internet publishing
Worldwide access to customers for specialty items CONSUMERS
- Ability to shop from home
Availability of items from all over the world
Low cost of items in big box stores ...
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- Fall '17
- US History