Chapter 2.pptx - CHAPTER 2 CHEMICAL PRINCIPLES Proteins Are...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–13. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
CHEMICAL PRINCIPLES CHAPTER 2
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Proteins Are organic molecules that contain C,H,O,N, and S. Are essential in cell structure and function Enzymes are proteins that speed chemical reactions Disruption of the secondary, tertiary, and quaternary structures is called denaturation
Image of page 2
Figure 2.12 Amino Acids Proteins consist of subunits called amino acids
Image of page 3

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Figure 2.14 Peptide Bonds Peptide bonds between amino acids are formed by dehydration synthesis
Image of page 4
Nucleic Acids Consist of nucleotides Nucleotides consist of a Pentose sugar Phosphate group Nitrogen-containing ( purine or pyrimidine ) base They are of two kinds: DNA ( Deoxyribonucleic acid) RNA ( Ribonucleic acid)
Image of page 5

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Figure 2-12a
Image of page 6
Figure 2-11 (2 of 3)
Image of page 7

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Figure 2-12b
Image of page 8
Figure 2.16 (Key) The Structure of DNA. Phosphate Sugar Adenine (A) Thymine (T) Sugar Phosphate Adenine nucleotide The carbon atoms in the sugars are identified by adding a marker, ’ (for example, 5’, pronounced “5- prime”). This differentiates them from the carbon atoms in the nucleo-bases, such as
Image of page 9

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 10
Image of page 11

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 12
Image of page 13
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern