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Innateness and Perception Lecture Notes.pdf

Innateness and Perception Lecture Notes.pdf - Innateness...

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What our visual system knows and assumes about the physical world: Principles of continuity (change blindness: 1) Principles of smooth motion (apparent motion: 2) Principles of simple causal explanations (synchronous motion 3) Principles of rigidity (leopard spots don't stay behind when the leopard moves) 4) Principles of object permanence (hiding effects: dot hiding behind the square, its not just disappearing is what we assume 5) HOW THE BRAIN CONSTRUCTS PERCEPTUAL REALITY, 4 KEY IDEAS: The problem of perception is underspecified: Reverse optics 1) The brain therefore makes assumptions in order to interpret the input, "educated guesses" These assumptions are called computational tricks a. 2) So, we do not have direct access to physical reality, we only have the internal representations that our brains create We live in the Matrix a. 3) The only guarantee is that our internal representations are useful, not that they are veridical (accurate) 4) How do we know that light comes from above? Is it innate or does it come from experience?
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