MooreCriticalReviewDraft.docxfb(1).docx

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Ecosystem Services Come To to Town: Greening Cities By by Working With with Nature 1 Ecosystem Services Come To to Town: Greening Cities By by Working With with Nature American Military University EVSP 498 Environmental Science Senior Seminar 10 September 2017
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Ecosystem Services Come To to Town: Greening Cities By by Working With with Nature 2 Environmental consciousness and awareness has increased significantly over the past century. Beginning with the conservation movement of the late nineteenth century, environmentalism mostly focused on preservation of land and habitat out of respect all living organisms. Shortly afterwards, the movement turned more towards scientific strategy towards management and began to lean on public policies to further implement goals and idealism. The greatest example of this shift towards policy and governance in the conservation movement is the creation and high attendance of the United Nation’s Scientific Conference of Conservation and Utilization of Resources in 1949. During this convention, arguments for both human centered and biocentric strategies were introduced on a global platform. Despite differing priorities, the common denominator between anthropocentric and biocentric environmental ethics lies in the need to properly plan communities and how they interact with the surrounding environment. This type of community organization requires the planner to be aware of the needs of the society along with its abilities and limits. The author of Ecosystem Services Come To to Town: Greening Cities While Working With with Nature provides numerous strategies for planning communities with a healthy environmental conscious but neglects to delve into the specifics of how such strategies would contribute or effect a community. While informative on a variety of options for communities looking to better the human-environment relationship, the author proves irresponsible by neglecting the fundamental issues around community planning and further creating hostility between planning priorities. The author begins with an introduction on the history behind the development of cities and communities. The focus of the historical context of city development is firmly planted in the belief that industrialization influences city growth and expansion. Specifically, Grant proposes modern cities developed from the easy access to oil and coal which allows people to move and travel with ease to more prosperous areas (Grant, 2012, p. 33). However, by the twentieth
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Ecosystem Services Come To to Town: Greening Cities By by Working With with Nature 3 century, competition for space pushed many to move to the outskirts of cities and established suburban and urban areas – a trend now termed urban sprawl. This trend continues globally, albeit for reasons differing from those proposed by Grant. Research around the time of the book’s publication shows urban sprawl and expansion is currently a result of social and
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