Medical Terminology CH 1&2 - Sep 3 2017 - 3-38 PM.pdf

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Unformatted text preview: 9/2/201 7 PRINTED BY: [email protected] Printing is for personal, private use only. No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted without publisher's prior permission. Violators will be prosecuted. Medical Terminlogy Express: A Short Course by Body System, 2nd edition E-wa AW “‘“3‘20‘1 use-2.320 6 CHAi’TER I l [melon to Medial Terminology Review Activity I-i Matching Word Elements Match the numbered list items with their definitions in the right-hand column. i._I__ pre- means \ a. foundation of a word. such as cardi and arthr Zimcomponems ofwonds \ b. end ofawond 3. L combining form \ c. beginning of a word 4.__H_ combining vowel(s) ‘ (1. word root. sufi‘oc. combining form, and prefix 5. I post- means ‘ e. stomach is F suffix 40‘s \ r. inflammation 7. E gastr means \ g. arthrfo 8. C location of prefixes \ h. “o " andi " " 9. 3 location of suffixes \ i. after l0. Pl word root \ j. before Competency Verification: Check your answers in Appendix 8. Answer Key. page 357. If you are not satisfied widi your level dcomprehension. review the terms in the table and retake the review. Correct Answers: \ O X ID = loo 9‘ Score Review Activity l-2 Understanding Medical Word Elements Fill in the following blanks to complete the sentences correctly. l.The four elements used to form medical words are , [:0th QE‘B‘WE‘AE‘. w‘i suké‘m W orcfik , A. _ . ,_ , ZAmotisthemainpartorfoundation ofaword. inthewords arthritis. anhroma. and arthroscope. thematis. fir‘l’hfi- ., , ,,. ,. . _ n, ,-,.V_ _.e Identify the following statements as true or false by circling True or Fake for each statement. Iffalse, rewrite the statement correctly on the line provided. 3. A combining vowel is usuaiiy an e. Tm- A condominc} \mw 2/“ \é. MM‘M'S M u 03' 4. A word root links a with that begins with a consonant. Tm. A womroo'l- \‘mu> a, W K Mg} \nzflh “)5 uni/K 4x Wendi , 5. A combining vowel links muitiple roots to each other. @False 6. A combining form links a suf’fbc that begins with a consonant. ‘m else httpszllereademhegg.com/#1booksl978080364211 9/cfil34i/[email protected]:9.75 McAACaa-A Tumfifibfij 1/1 9/2/2017 Medical Terminlogy Express: A Short Course by Body System. 2nd edition PRINTED BY: dfda9305b52al [email protected] Printing is for personal, private use only. No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted without publisher's prior permission. Violators will be prosecuted. Medea! Word Elements 7 7. Whmever a prefix stands alone. it will be preceded by a hyphen. True. W fizexwlt- stWLL‘r '&.&p\we_a\¥213 °~ "\ 1 em 8. in the term intramuscular; Mom is the prefix. .alse Underline the word root in each of following combining forms. 9. splgnlo (spleen) IQWO (uterus) l Liege-do (intestine) l2. 3293/0 (nerve) l3._o_i_}o (ear) lama/o (slon) ELMO (water) Competency Verification: Check your answers in Appendix B. Answer Key. page 357. If you are not mislled with your level of comprehension. review the terms in the able and retake the review. Correct Answers: l 5 X 6.67 = ‘0 0 '1‘ Score Review Activity l-3 Identifying Word Roots and Combining Forms Underline the word roots in the following terms. MedimlWord Meaning inemr‘itis inflammation of the kidneys 2. West fixation ofa joint 3. mantis inflammation ofthe skin 4.3rflrocentesis surgical puncture ofa faint £3.me excision of the stomach Underline the following elements that are combining forms. 6. nephr kidney 7.7hepat/o liver 8. arthr joint 9. ostdo/arthr bone. joint l0. cholangi/o bile vessel Competency Verification: Check your answers In Appendix B. Answer Key. page 357. I! you are not satisfied with your level of comprehension. review the norms in the table and retake the review. Correct Antwan: l 0 X lo I: l0 O ’6 Score https:Ilereader.megg.coml#lbooksI9780803642119/cfi[email protected]:62.4 “1 9/2/2017 transmitted without publisher’s prior permission. Violators will be prosecuted. abdomin/o candle cephalic cerviclo cranilo gastric Iii/o inguinlo lumblo pelvrl“ pelvic spin/o Combining Form.j;,,_ _j ; Body Region: Medical Terminlogy Express: A Short Course by Body System, 2nd edition PRINTED BY: dfda9305b52al [email protected] Printing is for personal, private use only. No part of this book may be reproduced or Medical Wad 5mm 35 ‘ _ , Median Word " j_ abdomen had neck; cervix uteri (neck of uterus) cranium (skull) stomach ilium (lateral, flar- ing portion of the hip bone) groin loins (lower back) pelvis spine abdmnfn/ai (ib-DOM—I-nil) -al‘ pertaining to mud/ad (KAW—did) «at toward cephallad (SEF-a-lid) mt ward cervic/al (SER~vI-ki1) -al: pertaining to crani/al (KRA—ne-il) at pertaining to gastrnc (GAS-um) ~22: pertaining to iljiac (IL-é-ik) ~ar: pertaining to inguinlal (ING-gwI-mil) ~42]: pennining to lurnb/ar (LUM-bir) -ar: pertaining to pelvli/meter (pflvVIMwé—fir) «rater: instrument for measuring pelvfic (PELovIc) 4': pertainfing to spin/3| (SH-nil) -al: pertaining to 'The i in peMl/mete-r Is an except-on to the Me 0‘ osmg the connectng vowel o. https:llereader.chegg.coml#lbooksl978080364211 9Icfil63il4l4 @0.00:0.00 +0“; in a. WSWM‘ dxmhun “wank-M51. MA 9W?“ 4-0 New Q? 0&3 o ‘(‘ 09mm 9414“!“ ’d) m “(Saum 0‘" SW“ earl-«milks +0 W guinea)“ v¢r1rcfimn3+o m‘dim W>mma3 +1) Mgm‘m Mhfi 5m mxoxm 0“ Luuwhm‘ (Continued) 1/6 9/2/201 7 Medical Tenninlogy Express: A Short Course by Body System, 2nd edition PRINTED BY: dfda9305b52al l [email protected] Printing is for personal, private use only. No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted without publisher's prior permission. Violators will be prosecuted, 36 CHAPTER 2 I MW Combining Form waist Meaning m Body Regions chest thoracic umhllldo umbiliws, navel birecrionni rams miter/o anterior, from dist/o far, farthest dorslo back (of the body) infer/o lower, below laurlo side, no one side medllo middle poster/o back (of the body), behind, posterior proximlo near, nearest super/0“" upper, above ventrlo belly, belly side "The CF superfo can also be used as $425: htlpszllereader.chegg.ooml#lbooks/978080364211 9/cfi/63 !l4/4 @0.00:0.00 thorn/fr (tho-RAS-Ik) —ic: pertaining to umbiligfal (um-BlL-I-kil) —aI: pertaining to anuerlior (an—'I'ER-e-m) ~r‘or: pertaining to dist/a! (DIS-d1) 41: pertaining to dorslal (DOR—sil) -al: pertaining to inferflor (In—FE-ré-or) 4m: pertaining to later/3| (LAT-6:41) ~al: pemm' ing to medilal ME-dé-il) —al: pertaining to poster/ior (pas-TER—evor) -ior: pertaining to proxim/al (PROK-sIm—il) ~al: pertaining to super/ior (soo-PE-ré-or) —ior: permitting to ventrlal WEN-nil) -al: pertaining to ram Medical WordemmHuning 21;; b I: 0‘" Is 34" W W Wm“? H bd ans-rm 0r \°\*’M' “3me _ WW ~ l +1: "HV. mwsm. W- W\“‘“’U A-o W WWW WEQ‘KG 4° Jew, bag/K or paauwrrw sin [E A! e(“\+ §+ ki—WW) MWOGWI DFW pom; 43$ ember WWHM +0 Nah WW of‘ Nam, “WM—thok Mun/Mg «Lhw lop—«i3 $64. ez‘ who/t- 2/6 9/2/2017 PRINTED BY: [email protected] Printing is for personal, private use only. No part of this book may be reproduced or Medical Tenninlogy Express: A Short Course by Body System. 2nd edition transmitted without publisher's prior permission. Violators will be prosecuted. Medical Word wig 37 Combining Form ;__‘:i- ’.‘ ‘ _ ‘ Other Combining Forms Related to Bag: Structure eye/o cell histlo tissue nucleic nucleus radllo radiation, x-ray', radius (lower arm bone on the thumb side) Suffixes and Prefixes cyt/olmeter \WL (4 :- (Si‘TOM'E'EI) ”my“ W mm instmment for ‘ mm.” Wmnfi 09W: histio/ 's W D“ 1 (11er L—I-sls) d GS WW on‘ Jysix:;eparafion; ordi'o‘xwlr‘fir" Hem lemming o?- MSM . nude/ar- p—t—f-l-qi 4° “ (NU~kie-ir} M axle/:3 -ar: pertaining to radi/ol -§)mc¢%% Aw? (xi-dd —xi-fi) m «MP? prom of VLCAWH recording grfwj _ 1n the following table, sufixes and prefixes are listed alphabetically, and other word flirts are defined as en needed. Review the medical word and study the elements that make up the term. complete the meaning of the medical words in the right-hand column. You may also refer toAppmdixd: Glaser}! of Medina} WordElemmt: to complete this exercise. gnediai Word: ; Suffixes -ad toward -al pertaining to -algia pain dynla https://ereader.ohegg.com/#Ibooksl97808036421191cfi163l/[email protected]:0.00 medi/ad (ME-deed) “MW medi/n: middle MW 01" W comn/al an-RON-n) MW “‘3 4"“ W W~ mum: hart costlai ”a .. (Joan ”\‘Vfi! (lass—T -je-i) . cast: ribs (N b: thorado/dynia ’ ui “ \n, .W (tho—rak-o-DIN-e-a) * We: chest did-‘8 ‘ (Continued) 3/6 9/2/2017 Medical Tetminlogy Express: A Short Course by Body System, 2nd edition PRINTED BY: dfda9305b52al [email protected] Printing is for personal, private use only. No part of this book may be reproduced or uansmitted without publisher’s prior permission. Violators will be prosecuted. 38 CHN’TER 2 I mm 4ysis water we Prefixes bi- infra- htipszllereadar.chegg.com/#lbooks/9780803642119/cfi163l/4/[email protected]:0.00 Word. Elemenemgam Meaning «jg; forming, produc- ing. origin specialist in the study of studyof separation; destruction; loosening instrument used to musure formation, growth pohon above, on below, under pathlo/gen (PATH-b—jén) path/n: disease cartinlo/genesis (Mr-si-no-JEN-e-srs) main/w cmm hist/olloglst (hrs-TOL-o-jlst) him/o: tissue eti/o/lggy (e-te-OL-o-je) elf/o: cause two/1m (SI-TOL-i-sis) (yr/a: cell memilolmeter (fla—MOM-e-fir) them/w heat hyper/plasia (lfi-pér-PLA—zé—i) layer: ewe-main, above normal hepatic/toxic GIEP~a-co-nbk-s1k) We: live: bi/‘sater/al (bi~LAT-ér~ii) liner: side, to one side -a[.' pertaining to epi/gastr/ic (apt-GAS—tnk) gash: stomach -ic poi-mining to infra/costlal (Imfii-KOS'M) tort: ribs -al: pertaining to was; Medici! Words 2' '1‘ ,_ 4am“, 9W I or omcyfi «De-wok) - perm“. Ww‘ n3, 0r Orlfi‘YMG—MW. gomeSN- _m 6M «sf—MEN” SM om CAW a? We ammo“. dunfiwlr" “M or W°‘\ wkw‘ NW 9°C W W- LX018: tu-L, (,me De MSSVKJL- WIRWVEJ 4—1) €050“ 3““ MW- , lent“ +0 +wb Sukflé's. Wumofim W W 0‘“ ofiW— P4, (WR’HVj *5 Wye) arww (00$, 4/6 9/2/2017 PRINTED BY: dfda9305b52al [email protected] Printing is for personal, private use only. No part of this book may be reproduced or Medical Tenninlogy Express: A Short Course by Body System, 2nd edition transmitted Without publisher's prior permission. Violators will be prosecuted. ' Prefixes V . . . , trans- most, through tran 'n/ai W“ V“ 4’0 (mm-V J—In-il) or mesa W Wm WM v0.1 ‘1 not . -al.- pemining to Competency Vortfieltion: Check your answers In Appendix B. Answer Key. page: 363-365. if you Ire not. satisfied with your level of comprehension. review the terms in the able and retake the review. m, . Visit the Medical Terminal res: online resource center at DavisP/us DaVlSPW I for an audio exercise $335; in this table. Other activities are also available to reinforce content. ur stud and reinforce this chapter‘s wo elements with the ash-ca activity. We recommend you complete the flash-card activity Medical Language Lob before continuing with the next section. Ian-19 mmv into language I I Visit the Medical Language Lab at medical/Ian age/chow to enhance Medical Terminology Word Building In this section, combine the word parts you have learned to construct medial terms mind to body structures. The first one is an example completed for you. Use eoud/o (tail) to build words that mean: Ltoward thetailcaudad , ,, , , , ,, _ i _ , WWW. WiWuchW Z pertaining to the taii _ .Q'E‘Y‘Afg 7.. . , , _ .. . i w WWW“, _-__W_.___ Use theme/o (chest) to build words that mean: 3. surgical puncture of the chest *‘XVSY"? Cx, wmwfi‘ A‘ 3W W . ,, ..___ W- WWW 4.pertaming to the chest _ WWAS ,., _ _.W H---WWWWW-W_ 5. surgical repair of the chest ,me Qifiévtgfif‘gu ..... _. _,__._ ___ _ __W Use gust/o (stomach) to build words mat mean: 6» pertaining to the stomach 3 MM; ,, , , W V _ __ __, -, , ,, W WW; 7. surgical repair ofthe stomach 7.3% WQWA'U ,7 ,, W , W. ., ,7 , _ __,__. Use pelvll (pelvis) to build words that mean: 8. pertaining to the peivis -,.,?€/.\_V_\9.W, Wm "WWW... _ _ 9. instrument to measure the pelvis _egéysL‘i We“ __.. ._-_-.-_W___. _._._WW__._ ht!ps:l/ereader.chagg.ooml#lbooksl978080364211 9Icfi/[email protected]:0.00 5/6 9/2/2017 PRINTED BY: [email protected] Printing is for personal, private use only. No part of this book may be reproduced or Medical Tenninlogy Express: A Short Course by Body System, 2nd edition transmitted without publisher's prior permission. Violators will be prosecuted. 40 CHAPTER 1 l Bowman. Use abdominlo (abdomen) to build words that mean: l0.per12iningtofiieabdomen 1"" " 111 ll. surgical repair ofthe abdomen W1wm‘ml’wfi Use mnllo (cranium [skull]) so build words that mean: I2. pertaining to the aanium (skull) ,,,,,, 1 .1 1 1 - 11.11 1.11.. 1. 1 1 l3. surgical repair ofthe cranium (skull) WALQQ1W1 1. 1111 11.11.11 111 111 111 Use modilo (middle) so bulld words that mean: i4. pertaining to the middle _..1m5é1:\91\1111 11. W11 1W1..W 111.111.1111 l5. toward the middle Mmd -11 1 1 11.- 1 _ 1 Use cytlo (tell) no build words that mean: I6. study of cells 1W“ grab \Dfl‘}W 1 1 W11___1..1.111.1 I7. specialist sn the study of cells 03111 V053\$* 111-11 1 1 1.1 1 IS. destruction. dissolution. or separation of a cell .93 “l 3.13‘31-1 1 1 11...... 1111111 Use histlo (tissue) to build words that mean: l9 study of tissues _l1\11 1§>_’C91\'191311 . 11. .11- .1 _ 20. specialist in the study oftissues hi kWW3‘\\‘ 1 1 1 1 111 1 11111. Competency Verification: Check your answers in Appendlx B. Answer Key. on page 365. Review material that you did not answer correctly. Correct Answers: 10 X 5 = l'bo 96 MEDICAL VOCABULARY The following tables consist of selected terms related to the body as a whole. Recognizing and learning these terms will help you understand the connection between diseases and diagnostic procedures. Word analysis for selected norms is also provided. Diseases and Conditions adhesion Band of scar tissue binding anatomical surfaces that are normally sepa- ad-HE-zhitn rate from each other (See Figure 2-6.) inflammation Protective response of body tissues to irritation, infection, or allergy in-fli—MA-shun 595i: Body’s inflammatory response no infection in which there is fever, SEP-sIs devamd heart and respiratory rates. and low blood pressure httpszllereademhegg.ooml#lbooks19780803642119/cfi/[email protected]:0.00 6/6 ...
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